It is possible to avoid a dependency on the service by using the local backend. But, for the purposes of this tutorial, it is much more convenient to use the service, and the entire tutorial can be completed using only the free tier.
If this is your first time writing a Node.js application, you’ll need to install either Yarn or npm, which are package managers for Node.js applications. You can install it by following the official instructions.
Cloud Provider CLI
This tutorial provides code samples for AWS, Azure and GCP. You will need to create an account for one of those providers, and then install the official CLI. For details, consult our installation guides:
kubectl, the Kubernetes CLI
Pulumi will help to provision cloud resources, including those running on Kubernetes. To interact
with the cluster, it will be useful to install
kubectl, the official Kubernetes CLI. See official