Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) Cluster and Helm Chart

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This example demonstrates creating an Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) Cluster, and deploying a Helm Chart into it, all in one Pulumi program. Please see for more information about AKS.


Ensure you have downloaded and installed the Pulumi CLI.

We will be deploying to Azure, so you will need an Azure account. If you don’t have an account, sign up for free here. Follow the instructions here to connect Pulumi to your Azure account.

This example deploys a Helm Chart from Bitnami’s Helm chart repository

Running the Example

After cloning this repo, cd into it and run these commands. A Kubernetes cluster and Apache web server will appear!

  1. Create a new stack, which is an isolated deployment target for this example:

    $ pulumi stack init
  2. Set the required configuration variables for this program:

    $ pulumi config set azure:environment public
    $ pulumi config set password --secret [your-cluster-password-here]
    $ ssh-keygen -t rsa -f key.rsa
    $ pulumi config set sshPublicKey <
  3. Deploy everything with the pulumi up command. This provisions all the Azure resources necessary, including an Active Directory service principal, AKS cluster, and then deploys the Apache Helm Chart, all in a single gesture:

    Note: Due to an issue in Azure Terraform Provider, the creation of an Azure Service Principal, which is needed to create the Kubernetes cluster (see cluster.ts), is delayed and may not be available when the cluster is created. If you get a “Service Principal not found” error, as a work around, you should be able to run pulumi up again, at which time the Service Principal replication should have been completed. See this issue and this doc for further details.

    $ pulumi up
  4. After a couple minutes, your cluster and Apache server will be ready. Three output variables will be printed, reflecting your cluster name (cluster), Kubernetes config (kubeConfig) and server IP address (serviceIP).

Using these output variables, you may curl your Apache server’s serviceIP:

   $ curl $(pulumi stack output serviceIP)
   <html><body><h1>It works!</h1></body></html>

And you may also configure your kubectl client using the kubeConfig configuration:

   $ pulumi stack output kubeConfig > kubeconfig.yaml
   $ KUBECONFIG=./kubeconfig.yaml kubectl get service
   NAME            TYPE           CLUSTER-IP     EXTERNAL-IP    PORT(S)                      AGE
   apache-apache   LoadBalancer   80:32080/TCP,443:31419/TCP   9m
   kubernetes      ClusterIP       <none>         443/TCP                      13h
  1. At this point, you have a running cluster. Feel free to modify your program, and run pulumi up to redeploy changes. The Pulumi CLI automatically detects what has changed and makes the minimal edits necessary to accomplish these changes. This could be altering the existing chart, adding new Azure or Kubernetes resources, or anything, really.

  2. Once you are done, you can destroy all of the resources, and the stack:

    $ pulumi destroy
    $ pulumi stack rm