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  4. Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) App Using CosmosDB

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Azure Classic v5.80.0 published on Monday, Jun 10, 2024 by Pulumi

Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) App Using CosmosDB

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We recommend using Azure Native.

Azure Classic v5.80.0 published on Monday, Jun 10, 2024 by Pulumi

    View Code Deploy this example with Pulumi

    Stands up an Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) cluster and a MongoDB-flavored instance of CosmosDB. On top of the AKS cluster, we also deploy a Helm Chart with a simple Node.js TODO app (bitnami/node), swapping out the usual in-cluster MongoDB instance with our managed CosmosDB instance.


    Ensure you have downloaded and installed the Pulumi CLI.

    We will be deploying to Azure, so you will need an Azure account. If you don’t have an account, sign up for a free Azure account. Follow the instructions to connect Pulumi to your Azure account.

    This example deploys a Helm Chart from Bitnami’s Helm chart repository.

    Install dependencies:

    npm install

    Running the App

    1. Create a new stack:

      $ pulumi stack init
      Enter a stack name: azure-mean
    2. Set the required configuration variables for this program:

      $ pulumi config set azure:environment public
      $ pulumi config set password --secret [your-cluster-password-here]
      $ ssh-keygen -t rsa -f key.rsa
      $ pulumi config set sshPublicKey < key.rsa.pub
      $ az login
    3. Perform the deployment:

      $ pulumi up
      Updating stack 'azure-mean'
      Performing changes:
           Type                                         Name                   Status      Info
       +   pulumi:pulumi:Stack                          azure-mean-azure-mean  created     1 warning
       +   ├─ azure:core:ResourceGroup                  aks                    created
       +   ├─ azure:ad:Application                      aks                    created
       +   ├─ azure:ad:ServicePrincipal                 aksSp                  created
       +   ├─ azure:ad:ServicePrincipalPassword         aksSpPassword          created
       +   ├─ azure:cosmosdb:Account                    cosmosDb               created
       +   ├─ azure:containerservice:KubernetesCluster  aksCluster             created
       +   ├─ pulumi:providers:kubernetes               aksK8s                 created
       +   ├─ kubernetes:core:Secret                    mongo-secrets          created
       +   └─ kubernetes:helm.sh:Chart                  node                   created
       +      ├─ kubernetes:core:Service                node-node              created
       +      └─ kubernetes:extensions:Deployment       node-node              created
      cluster        : "aksclusterbfb9388b"
      kubeconfig     : "[secret]"
      info: 12 changes performed:
          + 12 resources created
      Update duration: 14m33.922322098s
      Permalink: https://app.pulumi.com/hausdorff/azure-mean/updates/1

      We can see here in the ---outputs:--- section that our Node.js app was allocated a public IP, in this case It is exported with a stack output variable, frontendAddress. We can use curl and grep to retrieve the <title> of the site the proxy points at.

      $ curl -sL $(pulumi stack output frontendAddress) | grep "<title>"
          <title>Node/Angular Todo App</title>>

    Next steps

    One of the interesting aspects of this example is the way it demonstrates how easy it is to use Azure resources to configure Kubernetes resources, without the need for intermediate APIs such as Open Service Broker for Azure. In particular, this example uses the connection strings exposed by the CosmosDB instance to configure the bitnami/node Helm Chart to connect to CosmosDB, instead of creating and connecting to an in-cluster MongoDB instance.

    In index.ts, we see the MongoDB-flavored CosmosDB resource definition:

    // Create a MongoDB-flavored instance of CosmosDB.
    const cosmosdb = new azure.cosmosdb.Account("cosmosDb", {
        kind: "MongoDB",
        resourceGroupName: config.resourceGroup.name,
        consistencyPolicy: {
            consistencyLevel: "BoundedStaleness",
            maxIntervalInSeconds: 300,
            maxStalenessPrefix: 100000,
        offerType: "Standard",
        enableAutomaticFailover: true,
        geoLocations: [
            { location: config.location, failoverPriority: 0 },
            { location: config.failoverLocation, failoverPriority: 1 },

    And then subsequently, in the same file, we see that we use this CosmosDB object to create a Kubernetes Secret containing the connection credentials, which is then consumed by the bitnami/node Helm chart to connect.

    // Create secret from MongoDB connection string.
    const mongoConnStrings = new k8s.core.v1.Secret(
            metadata: { name: "mongo-secrets" },
            data: mongoHelpers.parseConnString(cosmosdb.connectionStrings),
        { provider: k8sProvider },
    // Boot up Node.js Helm chart example using CosmosDB in place of in-cluster MongoDB.
    const node = new k8s.helm.v3.Chart(
            chart: "node",
            version: "19.0.2",
            fetchOpts: {
                repo: "https://charts.bitnami.com/bitnami",
            values: {
                serviceType: "LoadBalancer",
                mongodb: { install: false },
                externaldb: { ssl: true, secretName: "mongo-secrets" },
        { providers: { kubernetes: k8sProvider }, dependsOn: mongoConnStrings },
    azure logo

    We recommend using Azure Native.

    Azure Classic v5.80.0 published on Monday, Jun 10, 2024 by Pulumi