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Google Cloud Classic v7.2.1 published on Wednesday, Nov 22, 2023 by Pulumi

Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE) Cluster

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Google Cloud Classic v7.2.1 published on Wednesday, Nov 22, 2023 by Pulumi

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    This example deploys an Google Cloud Platform (GCP) Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE) cluster, and deploys a Kubernetes Namespace and Deployment of NGINX

    Deploying the App

    To deploy your infrastructure, follow the below steps.


    1. Install Pulumi

    2. Install Google Cloud SDK (gcloud)

    3. Configure GCP Auth

      • Login using gcloud

        $ gcloud auth login
        $ gcloud config set project <YOUR_GCP_PROJECT_HERE>
        $ gcloud auth application-default login

      Note: This auth mechanism is meant for inner loop developer workflows. If you want to run this example in an unattended service account setting, such as in CI/CD, please follow instructions to configure your service account. The service account must have the role Kubernetes Engine Admin / container.admin.


    After cloning this repo, from this working directory, run these commands:

    1. Create a new Pulumi stack, which is an isolated deployment target for this example:

      This will initialize the Pulumi stack.

      $ pulumi stack init
    2. Set the required GCP configuration variables:

      This sets configuration options and default values for our cluster.

      $ pulumi config set gcp:project <YOUR_GCP_PROJECT_HERE>
      $ pulumi config set gcp:zone us-west1-a     # any valid GCP Zone here
    3. Stand up the GKE cluster:

      To preview and deploy changes, run pulumi update and select “yes.”

      The update sub-command shows a preview of the resources that will be created and prompts on whether to proceed with the deployment. Note that the stack itself is counted as a resource, though it does not correspond to a physical cloud resource.

      You can also run pulumi up --diff to see and inspect the diffs of the overall changes expected to take place.

      Running pulumi up will deploy the GKE cluster. Note, provisioning a new GKE cluster takes ~10 minutes.

      $ pulumi up --yes
          Previewing update (demo)
          View Live: https://app.pulumi.com/***/gcp-java-gke-hello-world/demo/previews/2d73ed89-a034-4d78-8e63-806fdc81a25b
               Type                              Name                           Plan       Info
           +   pulumi:pulumi:Stack               gcp-java-gke-hello-world-demo  create     6 messages
           +   ├─ gcp:container:Cluster          helloworld                     create     
           +   ├─ gcp:container:NodePool         primary-node-pool              create     
           +   ├─ pulumi:providers:kubernetes    helloworld                     create     
           +   ├─ kubernetes:core/v1:Namespace   helloworld                     create     
           +   ├─ kubernetes:apps/v1:Deployment  helloworld                     create     
           +   └─ kubernetes:core/v1:Service     helloworld                     create     
            pulumi:pulumi:Stack (gcp-java-gke-hello-world-demo):
              > Task :app:compileJava UP-TO-DATE
              > Task :app:processResources NO-SOURCE
              > Task :app:classes UP-TO-DATE
              > Task :app:run
              BUILD SUCCESSFUL in 2s
              2 actionable tasks: 1 executed, 1 up-to-date
          Updating (demo)
          View Live: https://app.pulumi.com/***/gcp-java-gke-hello-world/demo/updates/1
               Type                              Name                           Status      Info
           +   pulumi:pulumi:Stack               gcp-java-gke-hello-world-demo  created     30 messages
           +   ├─ gcp:container:Cluster          helloworld                     created     
           +   ├─ gcp:container:NodePool         primary-node-pool              created     
           +   ├─ pulumi:providers:kubernetes    helloworld                     created     
           +   ├─ kubernetes:core/v1:Namespace   helloworld                     created     
           +   ├─ kubernetes:apps/v1:Deployment  helloworld                     created     
           +   └─ kubernetes:core/v1:Service     helloworld                     created     
            pulumi:pulumi:Stack (gcp-java-gke-hello-world-demo):
              > Task :app:compileJava UP-TO-DATE
              > Task :app:processResources NO-SOURCE
              > Task :app:classes UP-TO-DATE
              > Task :app:run
              BUILD SUCCESSFUL in 11m 17s
              2 actionable tasks: 1 executed, 1 up-to-date
              clusterName    : "helloworld-10e2053"
              deploymentName : "helloworld-krnibosh"
              kubeconfig     : "[secret]"
              masterVersion  : "1.22.6-gke.300"
              namespaceName  : "helloworld-p2a10vq4"
              serviceName    : "helloworld-h7jipvp8"
              servicePublicIP: "***"
              urn            : "urn:pulumi:demo::gcp-java-gke-hello-world::pulumi:pulumi:Stack::gcp-java-gke-hello-world-demo"
              + 7 created
          Duration: 11m18s
    4. After ~10 minutes, your cluster will be ready, and the kubeconfig JSON you’ll use to connect to the cluster will be available as an output.

      As part of the update, you’ll see some new objects in the output: a Namespace in Kubernetes to deploy into, a Deployment resource for the NGINX app, and a LoadBalancer Service to publicly access NGINX.

      Pulumi understands which changes to a given cloud resource can be made in-place, and which require replacement, and computes the minimally disruptive change to achieve the desired state.

      Note: Pulumi auto-generates a suffix for all objects. See the Pulumi Programming Model for more info.

      clusterName    : "helloworld-10e2053"
      deploymentName : "helloworld-krnibosh"
      kubeconfig     : "[secret]"
      masterVersion  : "1.22.6-gke.300"
      namespaceName  : "helloworld-p2a10vq4"
      serviceName    : "helloworld-h7jipvp8"
      servicePublicIP: "***"
      urn            : "urn:pulumi:demo::gcp-java-gke-hello-world::pulumi:pulumi:Stack::gcp-java-gke-hello-world-demo"

      If you visit the FQDN listed in servicePublicIP you should land on the NGINX welcome page. Note, that it may take a minute or so for the LoadBalancer to become active on GCP.

    5. Access the Kubernetes Cluster using kubectl

      To access your new Kubernetes cluster using kubectl, we need to setup the kubeconfig file and download kubectl. We can leverage the Pulumi stack output in the CLI, as Pulumi facilitates exporting these objects for us.

      $ pulumi stack output kubeconfig --show-secrets > kubeconfig
      $ export KUBECONFIG=$PWD/kubeconfig
      $ export KUBERNETES_VERSION=1.11.6 && sudo curl -s -o /usr/local/bin/kubectl https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/v${KUBERNETES_VERSION}/bin/linux/amd64/kubectl && sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/kubectl
      $ kubectl version
      $ kubectl cluster-info
      $ kubectl get nodes

      We can also use the stack output to query the cluster for our newly created Deployment:

      $ kubectl get deployment $(pulumi stack output deploymentName) --namespace=$(pulumi stack output namespaceName)
      $ kubectl get service $(pulumi stack output serviceName) --namespace=$(pulumi stack output namespaceName)

      We can also create another NGINX Deployment into the default namespace using kubectl natively:

      $ kubectl create deployment my-nginx --image=nginx
      $ kubectl get pods
      $ kubectl delete deployment my-nginx

      Of course, by doing so, resources are outside of Pulumi’s purview, but this simply demonstrates that all the kubectl commands you’re used to will work.

    6. Experimentation

      From here on, feel free to experiment. Simply making edits and running pulumi up afterwords, will incrementally update your stack.

    7. Once you’ve finished experimenting, tear down your stack’s resources by destroying and removing it:

      $ pulumi destroy --yes
      $ pulumi stack rm --yes
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    Google Cloud Classic v7.2.1 published on Wednesday, Nov 22, 2023 by Pulumi