1. GPU-Powered VMs on Proxmox for Deep Learning


    Creating GPU-powered virtual machines (VMs) on Proxmox for deep learning involves provisioning the necessary resources within the Proxmox virtual environment. Pulumi does not have a specific provider for Proxmox, which means you would typically use another tool that is specific to Proxmox to manage these resources. However, you can use Pulumi's support for running custom code in the form of dynamic providers to interact with Proxmox's API or command-line tools.

    Here's how you could approach this task:

    1. Install Proxmox and configure it to your needs, including setting up any GPU passthrough requirements for VMs.
    2. Use a dynamic provider in Pulumi to execute custom code that interacts with your Proxmox setup via its API or command-line tools.

    Since Pulumi does not have a dedicated Proxmox provider, the following program will not be fully functioning Pulumi code but will serve as a conceptual example. You would need to substitute the custom execution parts with actual calls to the Proxmox API or command-line tools, which requires knowing Proxmox's interfaces and using a suitable module, like proxmoxer, for making the API calls in Python.

    import pulumi from pulumi.dynamic import Resource from pulumi.dynamic import ResourceProvider from pulumi import Output # Custom provider class for Proxmox VMs class ProxmoxVmProvider(ResourceProvider): def create(self, props): # Placeholder: Add code to create a VM in Proxmox, possibly calling # Proxmox's API or command-line tools. # The 'props' parameter would include necessary properties like VM specs. # Return a dictionary with at least an 'id' field and any outputs. return { 'id': 'some-unique-id', 'outs': { 'ip_address': '', # Example output # Include any other outputs here. } } # Custom resource class representing a Proxmox VM class ProxmoxVm(Resource): # Define our output property types if known in advance ip_address: Output[str] def __init__(self, name, vm_specs, opts=None): super().__init__(ProxmoxVmProvider(), name, vm_specs, opts) # Example usage of our custom ProxmoxVm resource vm_specs = { 'cpus': 4, 'memory': 16384, 'disk_size': '100G', 'gpus': [0], # Specify which GPU devices to attach, if your Proxmox setup supports GPU passthrough } # Creating a new Proxmox VM for deep learning deep_learning_vm = ProxmoxVm("deep-learning-vm", vm_specs) # Exporting the VM's IP address to access it later pulumi.export('vm_ip', deep_learning_vm.ip_address)

    This example illustrates how to set up a Proxmox VM with specific resources using Pulumi's dynamic provider framework. The critical step is implementing the ProxmoxVmProvider's create method to interact with your Proxmox environment, which would handle the actual resource provisioning following your requirements. To use this kind of setup, you'd need a solid understanding of both Proxmox's API or CLI and how to integrate it with Python.

    Remember that the real implementation details will be quite complex and will require in-depth knowledge about Proxmox and its API or CLI tools. If you are new to dynamic providers in Pulumi and working with cloud APIs, it may be valuable to review Pulumi's documentation on Dynamic Providers and take some time to understand how to make HTTP requests or run command-line utilities within Python code.