1. Using AlertmanagerConfig for AI Cluster Health Alerts


    Creating alerts for your AI Cluster Health is an important aspect of managing and maintaining the stability and reliability of your application. Alerts can help notify you when things go wrong or when certain metrics exceed or drop below expected thresholds. In a Kubernetes cluster, this often involves leveraging tools like Prometheus and Alertmanager.

    Alertmanager is part of the Prometheus stack, which is often used for monitoring Kubernetes clusters. It handles alerts sent by Prometheus server and takes care of deduplicating, grouping, and routing them to the correct receiver, such as email, PagerDuty, Slack, webhooks, and many more. It also takes care of silencing and inhibition of alerts.

    Here, I'll show you how you can use Pulumi to set up an Alertmanager configuration for AI cluster health alerts on a Kubernetes cluster. We'll define an AlertmanagerConfig resource that specifies the alert conditions and the notification settings.

    Before jumping into the code, you should have:

    • A Kubernetes cluster up and running.
    • Prometheus and Alertmanager set up within your cluster or available as a service.
    • Pulumi CLI and Pulumi Python SDK installed.
    • Kubernetes provider and any necessary cloud provider configured for Pulumi.

    The following program is a basic example of how you can create an AlertmanagerConfig resource for an AI application deployed on a Kubernetes cluster. This code specifically uses Pulumi with the Kubernetes provider to apply the AlertmanagerConfig to your cluster.

    import pulumi import pulumi_kubernetes as k8s # Define a Kubernetes namespace if needed namespace = k8s.core.v1.Namespace( "alerting", metadata={"name": "alerting"} ) # Define an Alertmanager configuration in a Kubernetes Secret # This definition assumes that you have already set up the Prometheus Operator and Alertmanager in your cluster alertmanager_config = k8s.core.v1.Secret( "alertmanager-config", metadata=k8s.meta.v1.ObjectMetaArgs( name="alertmanager", namespace=namespace.metadata["name"], ), # StringData allows you to provide the configuration in plain text rather than base64 encoded. string_data={ "alertmanager.yml": """ global: resolve_timeout: 5m route: group_by: ['alertname', 'severity'] group_wait: 10s group_interval: 10s repeat_interval: 1h receiver: 'web.hook' routes: - match: severity: 'warning' receiver: 'web.hook' receivers: - name: 'web.hook' webhook_configs: - url: 'http://your-webhook-url/endpoint' inhibit_rules: - source_match: severity: 'critical' target_match: severity: 'warning' equal: ['alertname', 'dev', 'instance'] """ } ) # Output the name of the namespace and the alertmanager secret configuration pulumi.export("namespace", namespace.metadata["name"]) pulumi.export("alertmanager_secret", alertmanager_config.metadata["name"])

    In this program:

    • We first create a Kubernetes namespace called alerting where our alerting resources will be located.
    • We then create a Kubernetes Secret that contains the configuration for Alertmanager. Notice that you must convert your configuration into a string and place it under the string_data dictionary in the Secret resource. Replace 'http://your-webhook-url/endpoint' with the actual webhook URL you want to use for notifications.
    • Lastly, we export the name of the namespace and the Alertmanager secret as stack outputs that can be easily accessed.

    Please adapt this example by filling in the specific details of your alerting rules and receiver configurations as per your requirements. Moreover, ensure that you have the applicable URL for the webhook configuration, which would point to your respective notification channel.

    Furthermore, this example assumes that you are manually providing the Alertmanager configuration YAML. In a more dynamic setup, you may want to template and render this configuration file based on various parameters or environment-specific details using tools like Helm or Pulumi's native transformation features.