1. Self-hosted Load Balancer for AI Model Serving Clusters


    If you're looking to implement a self-hosted Load Balancer for an AI model serving cluster, you'll need to create cloud resources that enable you to evenly distribute traffic to a set of servers where your AI models are running. A Load Balancer ensures that no single server bears too much demand. By spreading the load, a Load Balancer improves responsiveness and increases the availability of applications or services.

    For this task, we can use any preferred cloud provider. In this example, I'm going to demonstrate how you can achieve this using AWS with the aws.elb.LoadBalancer resource from Pulumi's AWS package. AWS's Classic Load Balancer (CLB) is a tried and true solution that provides basic load balancing capabilities across multiple EC2 instances.

    Here's a step-by-step guide with the Pulumi program in Python that creates a Classic Load Balancer, sets up listeners for incoming traffic, configures health checks for maintaining only healthy instances in the rotation, and associates it with multiple EC2 instances where your model serving application would be running.

    Please note that for the load balancer to function, you would need to have EC2 instances running with your AI models. This script assumes such instances have been provisioned and their IDs are known.

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Assume that we already have a list of instance IDs from our serving cluster. ai_model_serving_instance_ids = ['i-0a123b456c789de01', 'i-023b4567abc8de9f0'] # Example instance IDs. # Create a security group for the load balancer to allow traffic # Security groups act as a virtual firewall for your instance to control inbound and outbound traffic. lb_security_group = aws.ec2.SecurityGroup('lb-security-group', description='Enable HTTP access', ingress=[ # Assumes your AI model serving application uses the HTTP protocol on port 80. # You can change the protocol and port based on your specific use case. aws.ec2.SecurityGroupIngressArgs( protocol='tcp', from_port=80, to_port=80, cidr_blocks=[''], ), ]) # Create a Classic Load Balancer that points to the model serving instances load_balancer = aws.elb.LoadBalancer('ai-model-serving-lb', instances=ai_model_serving_instance_ids, security_groups=[lb_security_group.id], listeners=[ # Listener configuration, redirecting HTTP traffic on port 80. aws.elb.LoadBalancerListenerArgs( instance_port=80, instance_protocol='http', lb_port=80, lb_protocol='http', ), ], health_check=aws.elb.LoadBalancerHealthCheckArgs( # Health check configuration target='HTTP:80/', # Check that the HTTP server is responsive on root URL interval=30, healthy_threshold=2, unhealthy_threshold=3, timeout=3, ), tags={ 'Name': 'ai-model-serving-lb', }) # Exporting the DNS name of the Load Balancer so that it can be accessed pulumi.export('load_balancer_dns_name', load_balancer.dns_name)

    In this script, we create an AWS Classic Load Balancer that spreads traffic among the specified EC2 instances. The load balancer listens for HTTP traffic on port 80 and performs health checks on the root path ('/') of the instances to ensure they're responding correctly before routing traffic to them.

    Finally, we export the DNS name of the Load Balancer, which you could use to configure a domain name or simply access the distributed services directly.

    Remember that this is a basic setup. In a production environment, you should take additional steps for security, monitoring, and high availability.