1. Load Balancing for High-Availability AI Inference Services


    When designing a high-availability AI inference service, you want to ensure that your system is both scalable and resilient. A key component to achieve this is load balancing, which helps distribute incoming traffic across multiple instances of your AI inference service, thus improving overall responsiveness and uptime.

    To implement load balancing in the cloud with Pulumi, you can use resources from various cloud providers. In this explanation, we'll create a load balancer using AWS resources. Specifically, we will:

    1. Deploy a target group: A target group is used to route requests to one or more registered targets, such as EC2 instances, based on the rules defined for that group.

    2. Configure a load balancer: The load balancer sits in front of your target group(s) and distributes incoming application traffic across the targets within the target group.

    3. Register targets: Your AI inference services running on EC2 instances (or other compute resources) are registered as targets in the target group.

    The code below will demonstrate how to create these resources using Pulumi and AWS. In this example, we're assuming your AI inference service is already running on EC2 instances or can be deployed on such instances.

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Create an Application Load Balancer (ALB). # This will distribute incoming application traffic across multiple targets, # such as EC2 instances, in multiple Availability Zones. app_load_balancer = aws.lb.LoadBalancer("app-lb", internal=False, load_balancer_type="application", subnets=["subnet-abcde012", "subnet-bcde012a"], # Replace with actual subnet IDs security_groups=["sg-abcde012"], # Replace with actual security group IDs ) # Define the listener for the load balancer, such as what port it should listen on # and which protocols to use. Here we use HTTP on port 80. http_listener = aws.lb.Listener("http-listener", load_balancer_arn=app_load_balancer.arn, port=80, default_actions=[{ "type": "forward", "target_group_arn": pulumi.Output.none() # This is filled later. }], ) # Create a target group. # AI Inference services will be registered with this target group, # and the load balancer will forward requests here. target_group = aws.lb.TargetGroup("target-group", port=80, protocol="HTTP", vpc_id="vpc-abcde012", # Replace with your VPC ID ) # Tie the target group back to the http_listener defined above. http_listener = aws.lb.Listener("http-listener", load_balancer_arn=app_load_balancer.arn, port=80, default_actions=[{ "type": "forward", "target_group_arn": target_group.arn, }], opts=pulumi.ResourceOptions(depends_on=[target_group]), # Ensure target_group exists before creating the listener ) # Register EC2 instances with the target group. # Replace 'instance_id' with the actual IDs of your AI inference EC2 instances. target1 = aws.lb.TargetGroupAttachment("target1", target_group_arn=target_group.arn, target_id="i-instanceid1", # Replace with actual instance ID port=80, ) # (Optionally add more targets) target2 = aws.lb.TargetGroupAttachment("target2", target_group_arn=target_group.arn, target_id="i-instanceid2", # Replace with actual instance ID port=80, ) # Output the DNS name of the load balancer to access your high availability service. pulumi.export('load_balancer_dns', app_load_balancer.dns_name)

    This program performs the following actions:

    1. Creates an Application Load Balancer.
    2. Creates a default HTTP listener for the ALB to listen on port 80.
    3. Defines a target group within a VPC.
    4. Updates the HTTP listener to forward traffic to the created target group.
    5. Registers two placeholder EC2 instances with the target group.
    6. Exports the DNS name of the ALB, which is the public entry point for accessing the AI inference service through the load balancer.

    Remember to replace placeholders like subnet-abcde012, vpc-abcde012, sg-abcde012, and instance IDs with actual values from your AWS environment.

    This example represents a foundational setup. Depending on your specific requirements and environment, you might need to configure additional options, such as HTTPS listeners, health checks, sticky sessions, or more advanced routing rules. You also should ensure that your EC2 instances have the necessary software for your AI inference workloads and that your security groups allow the appropriate inbound and outbound traffic.