1. Enhanced Reputation for AI-Based Email Assistants with SES DKIM


    DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) is an email authentication method designed to detect forged sender addresses in emails, a technique often used in phishing and email spam. DKIM allows the receiver to check that an email claimed to have come from a specific domain was indeed authorized by the owner of that domain.

    In the context of AWS Simple Email Service (SES), setting up DKIM involves creating a set of DNS records for your domain. These records must be published in the DNS so that receiving email systems can verify the DKIM signature of incoming messages.

    AWS SES provides a feature to make this easier by allowing domain owners to delegate DKIM signing to AWS SES. AWS SES will then generate the DKIM signature for the emails sent from that domain. This greatly simplifies the setup process for the user.

    Here we'll write a Pulumi program that uses AWS SES to set up DKIM for an email domain. We will use the following resources:

    • DomainIdentity: This resource is used to verify a domain for AWS SES, which is a prerequisite for setting up DKIM.
    • DomainDkim: After the domain is verified, this resource generates the DKIM tokens for the domain that you need to add as CNAME records to your DNS settings.

    Below is a Pulumi program written in Python that sets up DKIM for the domain example.com. For the sake of this example, the domain is hardcoded, but in a production environment, you might want to parameterize this so that it can be set via configuration or environment variables.

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Replace 'example.com' with your actual domain name domain_name = 'example.com' # Create a domain identity resource for SES domain_identity = aws.ses.DomainIdentity("example-domain-identity", domain=domain_name) # After the domain identity resource is created, use it to enable DKIM signing domain_dkim = aws.ses.DomainDkim("example-domain-dkim", domain=domain_identity.id) # Once the outputs for "domain_dkim" are obtained, they need to be manually added to the DNS records # for the domain to fully enable DKIM authentication. pulumi.export('dkim_tokens', domain_dkim.dkim_tokens)

    To use this program, you need to take the following steps:

    1. Run the program using the Pulumi CLI. It will create the SES domain identity and generate DKIM tokens as part of the process.
    2. Once the Pulumi program is successfully deployed, it will output the DKIM tokens that need to be added to the DNS.
    3. You need to manually add the provided DKIM tokens to your DNS configuration as CNAME records. Each token will be used in a CNAME record's name and value appropriately. The exact way to add CNAME records depends on your DNS provider.
    4. After the DNS records are updated, AWS SES should then be able to automatically detect that DKIM has been set up and will begin to sign emails sent from your domain with DKIM.

    Remember, DNS changes might take some time to propagate, so DKIM verification might not pass immediately.

    The AWS documentation for SES DKIM provide detailed steps on updating your DNS records correctly, which can be found here.