1. Deploy the signon-resources helm chart on Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS)


    Deploying a Helm chart to an Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) cluster using Pulumi is a two-step process. First, you'll need to create an AKS cluster, and then you'll deploy the Helm chart to that cluster.

    Step 1: Create an AKS Cluster

    Creating an AKS cluster involves defining a resource using Pulumi's Azure Native provider. The azure-native.containerservice.ManagedCluster resource creates an AKS cluster. You'll also need a resource group for the cluster using the azure-native.resources.ResourceGroup resource.

    The AKS cluster requires an identity for the Kubernetes API server to interact with other Azure services, and you can define this with the identity property. You'll also need to specify the location, the Kubernetes version, and the properties required to run your cluster.

    Step 2: Deploy the Helm Chart

    To deploy a Helm chart, you use Pulumi's Kubernetes provider. The kubernetes.helm.v3.Chart resource represents a Helm chart in a Kubernetes cluster. When you create this resource in Pulumi, it will instruct the Helm CLI to deploy the chart to your AKS cluster.

    Here is a program written in TypeScript that creates an AKS cluster and then deploys a Helm chart to it:

    import * as azure from "@pulumi/azure-native"; import * as k8s from "@pulumi/kubernetes"; // Step 1: Create an Azure Resource Group const resourceGroup = new azure.resources.ResourceGroup("myResourceGroup", { location: "East US", // Choose the appropriate Azure region }); // Step 2: Create an AKS Cluster in the Resource Group const aksCluster = new azure.containerservice.ManagedCluster("myAksCluster", { resourceGroupName: resourceGroup.name, location: resourceGroup.location, identity: { type: "SystemAssigned", }, agentPoolProfiles: [{ count: 1, // Number of nodes in node pool vmSize: "Standard_DS2_v2", // VM size for the nodes mode: "System", name: "agentpool", }], dnsPrefix: "myakscluster", // DNS prefix for AKS cluster kubernetesVersion: "1.18.14", // Specify the desired Kubernetes version }); // After the AKS cluster is created, we need to setup the Kubernetes provider // to point to the AKS cluster. This requires fetching the kubeconfig from the created AKS cluster. // Step 3: Export the AKS cluster's kubeconfig const credentials = pulumi.all([aksCluster.name, resourceGroup.name]).apply(([name, rgName]) => { return azure.containerservice.listManagedClusterUserCredentials({ resourceName: name, resourceGroupName: rgName, }); }); const kubeconfig = credentials.kubeconfigs[0].value.apply(v => Buffer.from(v, "base64").toString()); // Step 4: Setup Kubernetes provider using kubeconfig of the AKS cluster const provider = new k8s.Provider("aks-provider", { kubeconfig: kubeconfig, }); // Step 5: Deploy the Helm chart using the `kubernetes` provider const helmChart = new k8s.helm.v3.Chart("signon-resources", { chart: "signon-resources", // Name of the Helm chart version: "1.0.0", // Version of the Helm chart fetchOpts: { repo: "https://example.com/helm/charts", // URL of the repository where the Helm chart is located }, }, { provider: provider }); // Step 6: Export the AKS cluster's kubeconfig so that you can control the cluster with `kubectl` export const kubeconfigOut = kubeconfig;

    Let's go through the program step by step:

    • Step 1: We create a resource group where all of our resources are going to live.
    • Step 2: We define an AKS cluster, providing details like the number of nodes, node size, and Kubernetes version.
    • Step 3: We obtain the credentials for our AKS cluster by calling an appropriate function from the Azure provider.
    • Step 4: We set up a Pulumi Kubernetes provider instance using the fetched kubeconfig. This provider will be used to interact with our AKS cluster.
    • Step 5: We deploy our Helm chart to the AKS cluster using the Kubernetes provider.
    • Step 6: We export the kubeconfig of the AKS cluster, so you can use kubectl to interact with the cluster from your local machine.

    Remember to replace "https://example.com/helm/charts" with the actual repository URL where your Helm chart is hosted and adjust the chart and version values according to your needs.

    After executing this Pulumi program, the AKS cluster will be created and the specified Helm chart will be deployed to it. You can run this program with Pulumi CLI by navigating to the directory containing the program and executing the following commands:

    pulumi up

    This will provision the resources as defined in the program. When you need to change the configuration, update the Pulumi program and run pulumi up again. Pulumi will automatically update the infrastructure to match the new desired state.