1. Orchestrating Machine Learning Workflows with Azure Data Factory


    Orchestrating machine learning workflows involves various steps like data preparation, model training, model deployment, and monitoring. Azure Data Factory (ADF) is a cloud-based data integration service that allows you to create data-driven workflows for orchestrating and automating data movement and data transformation.

    Using Pulumi with ADF, we can define our data factory, pipeline, and related resources as code. For orchestrating machine learning workflows, we can define pipelines that might use Azure Machine Learning activities for model training and batch scoring. ADF also supports a variety of other activities, such as data copy, data flow transformations, or custom activities for other tasks.

    Below is an example of how we could use Pulumi to create a basic factory and a pipeline in Azure Data Factory. In this example, we are not setting up a full machine learning workflow but laying the foundation by creating an ADF instance and a pipeline. To fully implement machine learning workflow orchestration, we would need additional details like the specific machine learning tasks, the datasets, and the Azure Machine Learning resources involved.

    We would go ahead to create the following resources:

    • An Azure Data Factory
    • A Data Factory pipeline (without activities configured, as this depends on the specific ML tasks)
    import pulumi import pulumi_azure_native as azure_native # Initialize Azure Data Factory data_factory = azure_native.datafactory.Factory("my-data-factory", resource_group_name="my-resource-group", location="East US", identity=azure_native.datafactory.FactoryIdentityArgs( type="SystemAssigned" ) ) # Define an empty data pipeline within the Data Factory # In a real-world scenario, you would define specific activities here pipeline = azure_native.datafactory.Pipeline("my-data-pipeline", resource_group_name="my-resource-group", factory_name=data_factory.name ) # Export the Azure Data Factory URL which will be used to manage pipelines pulumi.export("data_factory_url", data_factory.portal_url)

    In the above program:

    • We establish a new data factory named my-data-factory within a specified resource group and location. Here, we are issuing the Data Factory a system-assigned identity which can be used to authenticate with other services like Azure Key Vault or Azure Machine Learning without the need to manage credentials.
    • We create an empty pipeline named my-data-pipeline in the data factory. Normally, you would define the activities for the pipeline, such as data ingestion, transformation, and machine learning tasks supported by Azure Data Factory.
    • Finally, the Pulumi program exports the URL to the created data factory. This URL can be used to access the Azure Data Factory portal where you can manage and monitor your data pipelines.

    To make this a working machine learning workflow, you would define various activities within the pipeline that reference the Azure Machine Learning datasets and services you want to use. You'd also potentially set up the Managed Private Endpoints for a more secure data transfer if necessary. With Pulumi's ability to codify cloud resources, iterating, versioning, and controlling your infrastructure becomes more manageable and transparent.

    To fully implement a machine learning workflow, consider the tasks that need to be performed such as data pre-processing, model training, model evaluation, etc., and utilize the respective activities in Azure Data Factory to perform these tasks. You may also need to use other Azure resources like Azure Blob Storage for data storage and Azure Machine Learning Service for creating and deploying models. These resources can similarly be defined and managed with Pulumi.