1. Distributed AI Model Serving with Milvus on Kubernetes


    Distributed AI model serving involves deploying machine learning models across multiple servers to handle large-scale inference workloads efficiently. Milvus is an open-source vector database that provides capabilities to store, index, and manage embeddings for search and AI applications, which can benefit from a distributed setup for high availability and scaling.

    To deploy a distributed AI model serving with Milvus on Kubernetes, you would need to set up a Kubernetes cluster and deploy Milvus along with your AI models onto this cluster.

    In the provided Pulumi registry results, we have a Kubernetes resource which can be used to set up services in the Kubernetes cluster. However, for a complete solution, we also need to orchestrate the deployment of Milvus and the AI models, which typically involves creating Kubernetes Deployment, Service, PersistentVolume, PersistentVolumeClaim, and potentially ConfigMap and Secret resources to manage the configuration and sensitive data respectively.

    While there's no specific "Milvus on Kubernetes" resource in the registry results, we will use the pulumi_kubernetes package to setup the Kubernetes resources needed to deploy Milvus and serve AI models.

    Below is a Pulumi program that will:

    1. Create a Kubernetes cluster (omitted here but assumed to exist, as creating a cluster depends on your cloud provider).
    2. Setup a deployment for Milvus on Kubernetes.
    3. Expose the Milvus service so it can be accessed within the Kubernetes cluster.

    This program will be in Python, using the pulumi_kubernetes package:

    import pulumi import pulumi_kubernetes as kubernetes # Create a Kubernetes Namespace milvus_ns = kubernetes.core.v1.Namespace("milvus-ns", metadata={"name": "milvus"}) # Create a Kubernetes Deployment for Milvus # This would typically include your container image and necessary specs. # You would need to specify the image, resources, ports, etc. milvus_deployment = kubernetes.apps.v1.Deployment( "milvus-deployment", metadata={ "namespace": milvus_ns.metadata["name"] }, spec={ "selector": { "matchLabels": { "app": "milvus" } }, "replicas": 3, # Specifies the desired number of pod replicas. "template": { "metadata": { "labels": { "app": "milvus" } }, "spec": { "containers": [ { "name": "milvus", "image": "milvusdb/milvus:latest", # Replace with the specific version as needed "ports": [ { "containerPort": 19530 # Default port used by Milvus } ], # Configure the necessary volumes, environmental variables, etc. } ] } } } ) # Create a Kubernetes Service to expose the Milvus Deployment milvus_service = kubernetes.core.v1.Service( "milvus-service", metadata={ "namespace": milvus_ns.metadata["name"], "name": "milvus-service" }, spec={ "type": "ClusterIP", # Exposes the service on a cluster-internal IP "ports": [ { "port": 19530, # Milvus service port "targetPort": 19530 } ], "selector": { "app": "milvus" } } ) # Export the cluster IP of the Milvus Service pulumi.export("milvus_cluster_ip", milvus_service.spec["cluster_ip"])

    In the example code above, a namespace is created to logically isolate our Milvus deployment within the Kubernetes cluster. Following this, a deployment is defined with a specified number of replicas for availability and scaling. The image milvusdb/milvus is used as an example and should be replaced with the image version suitable for your use case. It's essential to note that the application port needs to match the container port that Milvus is configured to use.

    After the deployment, we define a service that exposes the Milvus deployment. We use the ClusterIP service type as we generally do not expose AI models directly to the public internet; they're typically accessed by other services within the Kubernetes cluster or allowed external access through an Ingress controller or load balancer as per the security policies and architectural design chosen for the deployment.

    The milvus_cluster_ip value is exported at the end, which allows you to know what internal IP address within the Kubernetes cluster your Milvus installation is serving on.

    This fundamental program would be the backbone of your solution, and further customization might include defining persistent storage for Milvus, securing connections, setting up Ingress for external access, and deploying your AI models alongside Milvus. Remember to always check Milvus documentation and the specific needs of your models to appropriately configure your deployment.

    The pulumi_kubernetes package is powerful and can be used to manage any Kubernetes resource as code, making it a preferred tool for deploying complex applications like a distributed AI model serving system with Milvus. To learn more about the Kubernetes resources you can manage with Pulumi, refer to Pulumi's Kubernetes documentation.