1. DDoS Protection for High-Traffic AI Services on Cloudflare


    To protect a high-traffic AI service against DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attacks using Cloudflare, we can leverage several Cloudflare resources orchestrated by Pulumi.

    Below is a Pulumi program that sets up DDoS protection for an AI service on Cloudflare:

    1. cloudflare.Zone: Represents a Cloudflare zone (domain) where we can apply various security and performance settings.
    2. cloudflare.Argo: Argo's smart routing improves performance by routing traffic across the fastest paths available.
    3. cloudflare.Ruleset: A set of rules that allow you to customize how traffic is handled, useful for setting specific security rules against DDoS attacks.
    4. cloudflare.WorkerScript: Workers can be used to write custom code that runs directly on Cloudflare's edge, allowing you to build specific defenses or necessary logic for the AI service.

    We'll use these in conjunction with each other to create a robust defense.

    import pulumi import pulumi_cloudflare as cloudflare # Configure your Cloudflare domain zone = cloudflare.Zone("example-zone", # Replace with your actual domain zone="example.com", ) # Argo Smart Routing for improved performance argo = cloudflare.Argo("example-argo", # Use zone ID from the Domain configuration zone_id=zone.id, # Enabling tiered caching and smart routing tiered_caching="on", smart_routing="on", ) # Define a ruleset for security - to mitigate and manage DDoS attacks ruleset = cloudflare.Ruleset("example-ruleset", # Apply ruleset to the root domain level kind="root", phase="http_request_firewall_managed", zone_id=zone.id, description="Basic DDoS protection", rules=[ # Customize this rule with expressions suitable for preventing DDoS attacks cloudflare.RulesetRuleArgs( action="challenge", expression="http.host contains 'example.com'", description="Challenge traffic based on conditions specific to your AI service", ) ] ) # Optionally, you can use Cloudflare Workers to further customize the response to certain requests # For example, you might want to run a custom filter or captcha challenge before passing requests to your AI service worker_script = cloudflare.WorkerScript("example-worker", name="ddos-filter", content=""" addEventListener('fetch', event => { // Here you can write custom logic to inspect the request and decide how to respond // For example, you could filter out requests that don't have a required header }) """, ) # Output the DNS Name of the Cloudflare Zone pulumi.export("cloudflare_zone_dns_name", zone.name) # Output the Argo configuration status pulumi.export("argo_smart_routing", argo.smart_routing)


    • We initiate a Cloudflare Zone with the domain example.com. This domain will house the DNS settings and apply the DDoS protection configurations. Make sure to replace example.com with your actual domain.
    • The cloudflare.Argo resource activates Argo's smart routing, which helps in optimizing the traffic routing to ensure the fastest path to the origin server, thereby improving the availability and response time.
    • A cloudflare.Ruleset object is instantiated to define the firewall rules. These rules can be tailored to provide specific protection mechanisms against anticipated DDoS attack vectors.
    • We create an optional Cloudflare Worker (cloudflare.WorkerScript) to write custom edge-side logic. Here we've set up a listener for incoming HTTP requests, where you could add your logic for challenge checks or any other filtering based on the request properties.
    • Lastly, we output the DNS Zone name and the status of Argo's smart routing so that you can verify the active settings in your Pulumi stack.

    This program encapsulates basic DDoS protection for an AI service using Cloudflare's features. Depending on how your AI service is structured and your specific needs, these resources and settings can be further tweaked. Remember to always test your configurations in a staging environment before applying them to production.