1. Ad-hoc Analysis of AI Training Datasets using AWS Athena


    To perform ad-hoc analysis of AI training datasets using AWS Athena, you'll first need to have your dataset stored in Amazon S3, as Athena uses S3 as its underlying data storage. Then, you can set up an Athena database and workgroup to run queries against your data. To simplify ad-hoc analyses and reusing common queries, you can also create named queries or prepared statements in Athena.

    Here's the breakdown of steps we will take in the Pulumi program to achieve this:

    1. Create an S3 Bucket: To store your AI training datasets.
    2. Set up AWS Athena:
      • Database: To store metadata information about your datasets.
      • Workgroup: To manage query execution environment.
      • NamedQuery: To save frequently used queries for reuse.
      • PreparedStatement: To save parameterized queries for execution with different parameters.

    Below is the Pulumi program written in Python that creates these resources:

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # 1. Create an S3 bucket to store your AI training datasets training_data_bucket = aws.s3.Bucket("training-data-bucket") # Docs: https://www.pulumi.com/registry/packages/aws/api-docs/s3/bucket # 2. Set up AWS Athena for ad-hoc analysis # a. Create an Athena database to store metadata information about your datasets athena_database = aws.athena.Database("ai_training_database", bucket=training_data_bucket.bucket) # Docs: https://www.pulumi.com/registry/packages/aws/api-docs/athena/database # b. Create an Athena workgroup to manage the query execution environment athena_workgroup = aws.athena.Workgroup("ai_analysis_workgroup", state="ENABLED") # Docs: https://www.pulumi.com/registry/packages/aws/api-docs/athena/workgroup # c. Create a Sample NamedQuery - This represents a query you wish to save and potentially run multiple times sample_named_query = aws.athena.NamedQuery("sample-named-query", database=athena_database.name, query="SELECT * FROM dataset WHERE condition = value;", workgroup=athena_workgroup.name) # Docs: https://www.pulumi.com/registry/packages/aws/api-docs/athena/namedquery # d. Create a Sample PreparedStatement - Useful when we want to execute a query with different parameters sample_prepared_statement = aws.athena.PreparedStatement("sample-prepared-statement", workgroup=athena_workgroup.name, query_statement="SELECT * FROM dataset WHERE condition = ?;", description="Sample prepared statement for AI data analysis.") # Docs: https://www.pulumi.com/registry/packages/aws/api-docs/athena/preparedstatement # Export the names and IDs of created resources pulumi.export("s3_bucket_name", training_data_bucket.bucket) pulumi.export("athena_database_name", athena_database.name) pulumi.export("athena_workgroup_name", athena_workgroup.name) pulumi.export("sample_named_query_id", sample_named_query.id) pulumi.export("sample_prepared_statement_name", sample_prepared_statement.name)

    In this program:

    • We start by creating an Amazon S3 bucket, where the AI training datasets will be uploaded. This bucket serves as the data lake storage and is referenced when creating an Athena database.
    • Next, we create an Athena database linked to the S3 bucket we created. This database will contain the metadata for your datasets that the Athena query engine will use.
    • We then create an Athena workgroup which is the environment that your queries are executed in. You can create multiple workgroups if you need isolated environments with different configurations.
    • Then, a named query is created. Named queries allow you to save your SQL queries which you can run on Athena later. You can think of them like saved queries in traditional databases.
    • Lastly, we save a prepared statement. Prepared statements allow you to execute SQL queries with variable parameters, further streamlining your data analysis procedures.

    Note: Replace "SELECT * FROM dataset WHERE condition = value;" and "SELECT * FROM dataset WHERE condition = ?;" with actual queries that fit your dataset schema and analysis needs.

    Remember, to run this program using Pulumi you'll need to have the AWS CLI installed and configured with the necessary access credentials. After setting up the Pulumi CLI, you can simply run pulumi up to provision these resources in your AWS account.