1. High-Performance Data Processing with AWS EKS NodeGroups


    To set up a high-performance data processing system using AWS EKS NodeGroups, we'll need to create an EKS cluster and then configure a node group within that cluster that is optimized for data processing workloads. AWS Elastic Kubernetes Service (EKS) is a managed Kubernetes service that makes it easier for you to run Kubernetes on AWS without needing to install and operate your own Kubernetes control plane.

    Below is an explanation and a Pulumi program written in Python that will create an EKS cluster and a managed node group with Pulumi's EKS package. The node group can be configured to suit high-performance requirements, for example by selecting appropriate instance types, enabling GPU support, or configuring the desired size of the nodes.

    In this program, we are using the pulumi_eks package because it provides high-level components that simplify EKS cluster creation and management. We'll take advantage of the Cluster and ManagedNodeGroup resources from the pulumi_eks package.

    • Cluster: This resource will create an EKS cluster along with all the necessary components such as the VPC and subnets if they are not specified. It abstracts away many of the complexities of setting up an EKS cluster.

    • ManagedNodeGroup: This resource will create an EKS managed node group which is a set of EC2 instances that are registered with the EKS cluster. The instances in a managed node group are automatically managed by EKS.

    To process data efficiently, we need to select the right instance type for our node group. AWS offers several EC2 instance types that are optimized for compute, memory, or storage. For example, c5.2xlarge instances could be chosen for compute-optimized tasks. We can also add tags and labels for better resource management and categorization.

    Let's proceed with the Pulumi program.

    import pulumi import pulumi_eks as eks # Create an EKS cluster. cluster = eks.Cluster( "my-eks-cluster", create_oidc_provider=True, # When creating a cluster, you can specify various settings like VPC configuration, version, or IAM roles. # If not specified, Pulumi creates sensible defaults. For specifics on this, please refer to: # https://www.pulumi.com/registry/packages/eks/api-docs/cluster/ ) # Create a managed node group within the cluster managed_node_group = eks.ManagedNodeGroup( "my-nodegroup", cluster=cluster.core, # Reference to the created EKS cluster. instance_types=["c5.2xlarge"], # For example, use compute-optimized instances. desired_capacity=3, # Set the desired number of instances in the node group. min_size=1, # Minimum size of the node group. max_size=5, # Maximum size of the node group, allowing for scaling. disk_size=50, # Disk size in GB for the EC2 instances in the node group. labels={"workload-type": "data-processing"}, # Kubernetes labels for workload categorization. tags={"environment": "production", "project": "data-processing"}, # Additional properties can be configured as needed, such as taints or AMI type for GPU support. # For more details on ManagedNodeGroup configuration, refer to: # https://www.pulumi.com/registry/packages/eks/api-docs/managednodegroup/ ) # Export the cluster's kubeconfig. pulumi.export("kubeconfig", cluster.kubeconfig)

    In the code:

    • We create an EKS cluster with create_oidc_provider set to True. The OIDC provider is needed for AWS IAM roles for Kubernetes service accounts (IRSA) that enable cluster-Scoped resources to interact with AWS resources following best practices.

    • Then, we create a node group attached to this cluster using the ManagedNodeGroup resource. The node group is configured with the c5.2xlarge instance type, which is a computationally optimized virtual machine suited for high-performance data processing. The parameters desired_capacity, min_size, and max_size control the scaling behavior of your node group.

    • We've also added labels for Kubernetes resources and tags for AWS resource management and categorization.

    • Lastly, we export the kubeconfig, which is needed to interact with your cluster using kubectl.

    This program can be run after setting up the AWS and Pulumi CLI and logging in to both. Note that for full functionality in a production environment, you may need to configure IAM roles, VPC settings, and security groups, among other considerations which are beyond the scope of this introduction.