1. AI Event-Driven Architectures with Managed Kafka


    Event-Driven Architectures (EDA) are a design paradigm in which communication between different parts of a system is based on events. This allows for highly decoupled, scalable, and maintainable systems. Apache Kafka is a popular distributed streaming platform that's often used to implement the messaging and streaming aspects of an EDA. It provides the infrastructure for storing, reading, and analyzing streams of data in real-time.

    To facilitate this kind of architecture, Pulumi provides resources to set up and manage Kafka clusters. In this context, let's look at how you can use Pulumi to create an event-driven architecture using a Managed Kafka service.

    For instance, with Pulumi's aiven package, you can provision a Kafka service, topics, and other required configurations to get your Kafka cluster up and running in any cloud. This Pulumi package provides a way to declaratively specify these resources in your program.

    In the program below, I'll show you how to create a Kafka service and a topic in Aiven. This is done by using the aiven.Kafka and aiven.KafkaTopic resources respectively. For simplicity, this example will just cover creating the Kafka service and a topic, which are the fundamental elements you would need for a Kafka-based EDA. Remember to substitute the project and serviceName fields with the appropriate values for your Aiven Kafka setup.

    Let's start with the code:

    import pulumi import pulumi_aiven as aiven # Create a new Kafka service kafka_service = aiven.Kafka("my-kafka-service", project="<your-project-name>", cloud_name="aws-eu-west-1", plan="business-4", # Choose the right plan according to your size and performance needs service_name="<desired-service-name>", maintenance_window_dow="sunday", maintenance_window_time="10:00:00", kafka_user_config=aiven.KafkaUserConfigArgs( kafka=aiven.KafkaUserConfigKafkaArgs( # Kafka Version to use kafka_version="2.8", # Kafka configuration options log_retention_bytes=1073741824, # 1 GB log_retention_hours=168, # 1 week ) ) ) # Create a Kafka topic kafka_topic = aiven.KafkaTopic("my-kafka-topic", project="<your-project-name>", service_name=kafka_service.service_name, topic_name="my-topic", partitions=3, replication=2, # Additional configurations for your topic config=aiven.KafkaTopicConfigArgs( cleanup_policy="delete", # Delete old records, can also use 'compact' for compaction retention_ms=600000 # Retention time in ms for cleanup_policy ) ) # Export the Kafka service URI pulumi.export("kafka_service_uri", kafka_service.service_uri) # Export the Kafka topic name pulumi.export("kafka_topic_name", kafka_topic.topic_name)

    In this program:

    • We first import the required Pulumi and Pulumi Aiven modules.
    • A new Kafka service is created via aiven.Kafka. We specify various properties such as the project name, cloud and plan type, and some Kafka-specific configurations such as version and log retention policies.
    • Then, we create a aiven.KafkaTopic resource which will create a new topic within the Kafka service we just spawned. Various properties can be set for the topic, such as the number of partitions, replication factor, and topic configuration like retention policy.
    • Finally, we export the Kafka service URI and topic name, which can be used in your applications to produce and consume messages.

    Make sure to replace placeholder values like <your-project-name> and <desired-service-name> with relevant values for your use case. The cloud_name corresponds to the cloud and region where you want the service to be hosted, while plan is the Aiven service plan that dictates the resources your Kafka cluster will have, such as CPU, memory, and disk size.

    Setting up an EDA using managed Kafka on Aiven with Pulumi is as simple as that. This lays down the foundation for a scalable and maintainable event-driven system. Once your Kafka service and topic are up and running, you can integrate producers to send data to Kafka and consumers to read and process the data from Kafka topics.