1. What is the process for archiving Amazon EBS Snapshots using AWS Backup in TypeScript


    To archive Amazon EBS Snapshots using AWS Backup, you will create a backup plan that includes a rule for taking snapshots and specifying a lifecycle policy to transition those snapshots to cold storage (archiving) after a certain number of days. Using Pulumi and its AWS provider, you can configure this policy as code which can be deployed and managed programmatically.

    Here's what you need to do:

    1. Define your backup plan: You will begin by specifying a backup plan using the aws.backup.Plan resource. In the backup plan, you can define various rules that will control how backups are taken.

    2. Configure lifecycle rules: In each rule, you specify when to take the backup, how often, and the lifecycle, which includes when to move the backup to cold storage and when to delete it.

    3. Create a backup vault: The backup vault, defined by aws.backup.Vault, is where the snapshots taken as per the backup plan are stored.

    4. Apply the backup plan to resources: Utilize aws.backup.Selection to apply the backup plan to the desired EBS volumes by specifying their resource IDs.

    Below is a TypeScript program that uses Pulumi to set up a backup plan for EBS snapshots with a rule to move the snapshots to cold storage after 30 days. This example doesn't cover every nuance but gives you the foundational code need to get started.

    import * as pulumi from "@pulumi/pulumi"; import * as aws from "@pulumi/aws"; // Creates a new backup vault const vault = new aws.backup.Vault("myVault", { // Add required attributes and configurations // Refer to the documentation: https://www.pulumi.com/registry/packages/aws/api-docs/backup/vault/ }); // Creates a new backup plan const plan = new aws.backup.Plan("myBackupPlan", { name: "MyDailyEBSBackupPlan", rules: [{ ruleName: "DailyBackup", targetVaultName: vault.name, schedule: "cron(0 12 * * ? *)", // Daily at 12:00 UTC lifecycle: { coldStorageAfter: 30, // Move to cold storage after 30 days deleteAfter: 90, // Delete after 90 days }, }], // Add other configuration if necessary // Refer to the documentation: https://www.pulumi.com/registry/packages/aws/api-docs/backup/plan/ }); // Associates the backup plan with EBS volumes identified by their tags const selection = new aws.backup.Selection("mySelection", { planId: plan.id, resources: [ // Replace with the appropriate EBS volume ARNs or use a tag-based selection // e.g. "arn:aws:ec2:region:account-id:volume/volume-id" ], // Add other configuration if necessary // Refer to the documentation: https://www.pulumi.com/registry/packages/aws/api-docs/backup/selection/ }); // Export the vault's name and the backup plan's ID for reference export const backupPlanId = plan.id; export const backupVaultName = vault.name;

    Explanation of the components:

    • aws.backup.Vault: This is the storage place where the backups will be kept. You specify the name and optionally encryption settings. It is a secure, storage location where AWS Backup can store and protect your backups.[^1]
    • aws.backup.Plan: You specify the backup plan's name and rules here. The rules are critical since they govern when to take a backup, the backup frequency, and the lifecycle, which includes cold storage and deletion intervals.[^2]
    • aws.backup.Selection: Apply the backup plan to specific resources or based on resource tags. In this case, we use the plan ID from the backup plan and specify which EBS volumes to include by their ARNs.[^3]

    Please replace "arn:aws:ec2:region:account-id:volume/volume-id" with the actual ARN of your EBS volume, and adjust the schedule expression to match your desired backup timings.

    Remember to check the Pulumi AWS Backup documentation for more details on additional configurations and options you might require.

    [^1]: AWS Backup Vault documentation [^2]: AWS Backup Plan documentation [^3]: AWS Backup Selection documentation