1. Serverless Batch Processing for AI with AWS Lambda


    Serverless architectures allow you to build and run applications and services without having to manage infrastructure. AWS Lambda is a compute service that lets you run code without provisioning or managing servers. Lambda executes your code only when needed and scales automatically. AWS Lambda can be used for various scenarios like data processing, real-time file processing, and even running backend services.

    For serverless batch processing, you might have a collection of data that you want to process in batches without a server. Lambda can be invoked in response to a trigger to process this data. When we talk about AI batch processing, you might have a dataset that you need to run some AI or machine learning algorithm on, perhaps for data analysis or preprocessing tasks.

    Here is a program that sets up AWS Lambda for serverless batch processing with data from an S3 bucket:

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Assume you already have an S3 bucket where your batch files are stored # Here we define the S3 bucket s3_bucket = aws.s3.Bucket("batch_data", acl="private", versioning=aws.s3.BucketVersioningArgs( enabled=True, )) # Create an IAM role that AWS Lambda will assume lambda_role = aws.iam.Role("lambda_role", assume_role_policy="""{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{ "Action": "sts:AssumeRole", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "Service": "lambda.amazonaws.com" } }] }""") # Attach the necessary policies to the IAM role # This policy allows AWS Lambda function to access AWS S3 Bucket policy_attachment = aws.iam.RolePolicyAttachment("lambda_s3_access", policy_arn="arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AmazonS3FullAccess", role=lambda_role.name) # Define the permissions for the Lambda function to be invoked by S3 lambda_permission = aws.lambda.Permission("lambda_permission", action="lambda:InvokeFunction", principal="s3.amazonaws.com", source_arn=s3_bucket.arn, function="your_lambda_function_name") # Replace with your Lambda function name # Create an AWS Lambda function to process the batch files lambda_function = aws.lambda_.Function("batch_processor", code=pulumi.FileArchive("./path_to_your_code"), # Replace with the path to your code handler="index.handler", # The function within your code that Lambda calls to begin processing role=lambda_role.arn, runtime="python3.8", # Assuming you are using Python 3.8 runtime, though other runtimes are also available timeout=900) # Timeout set to 15 minutes, maximum duration for a Lambda function # Trigger the Lambda function when a new file is added to the S3 bucket s3_event = aws.s3.BucketNotification("s3_event", bucket=s3_bucket.id, lambda_functions=[aws.s3.BucketNotificationLambdaFunctionArgs( lambda_function_arn=lambda_function.arn, events=["s3:ObjectCreated:*"], filter_prefix="batch/", # Assuming you store files to be processed in the 'batch/' directory )]) # Export the name of the bucket and the Lambda function pulumi.export('bucket_name', s3_bucket.bucket) pulumi.export('lambda_function_name', lambda_function.name)

    Let's break down what this Pulumi program does:

    1. It defines an S3 bucket where your batch files are expected to be uploaded. The bucket is versioned, which can be helpful for keeping track of changes to files and recovering from unintended deletions.

    2. An IAM role for the Lambda function is created with a policy allowing the Lambda service to assume the role (lambda_role).

    3. We attach a policy to the IAM role that grants full access to S3, allowing our Lambda function to read and write to our S3 bucket.

    4. The permission (lambda_permission) necessary for S3 to be able to invoke the Lambda function is specified.

    5. An AWS Lambda function (batch_processor) is defined with the provided code, an execution role, and a timeout setting. The handler points to the function in the code to execute, and the runtime specifies the language environment.

    6. An S3 Bucket Notification (s3_event) is created to trigger the Lambda function every time a new file is created in the 'batch/' prefix of the S3 bucket.

    7. Finally, the names of the S3 bucket and the Lambda function are exported so they can be easily referenced later.

    By deploying this program, you've created a serverless batch processing system that reacts to new file uploads in an S3 bucket, invoking a Lambda function to perform the necessary processing. With AWS Lambda, you can handle a burst of data at scale without any servers to manage.