1. AI Model Training Job Monitoring and Escalation


    To monitor and escalate an AI model training job, the infrastructure would typically involve:

    1. Resources to run the model training job, such as a virtual machine or a managed AI service that can train the model.
    2. A monitoring service that can keep track of the job's progress and system metrics.
    3. An alerting or notification mechanism to escalate any issues that may arise during the training process.

    For the purpose of this guide, I will be using the following Pulumi resources:

    • aws-native.sagemaker.ModelBiasJobDefinition: This AWS resource helps in evaluating and monitoring the performance of your machine learning models over time. With Model Bias Job Definition, you can continuously check for bias in your trained model and improve its fairness.

    • aws-native.sagemaker.Model: With this resource, you can create a SageMaker model which will be used for training.

    • aws-native.sagemaker.Endpoint: After training a model, you can create an endpoint that provides an HTTP API for inference. This resource could be monitored for successful deployment or used by a training job to validate the trained model.

    • aws-native.cloudwatch.Alarm: This resource is used to create alarms based on CloudWatch metrics for SageMaker. For instance, you could create an alarm for job failure or hardware resource utilization, and when the alarm is triggered, it can send notifications or initiate auto-scaling actions.


    Before starting, you should have the Pulumi CLI installed and configured with your AWS account. You should also have Python installed on your system along with the Pulumi Python SDK according to the Pulumi documentation for your cloud provider.

    Now, let's look at a Pulumi program in Python which ties these components together. This program will create a SageMaker model, a model bias job definition for monitoring, and a CloudWatch alarm for escalation in case of training issues.

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws_native as aws_native # Create a SageMaker ModelBiasJobDefinition for model monitoring model_bias_job_definition = aws_native.sagemaker.ModelBiasJobDefinition("modelBiasJobDef", role_arn="arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/SageMakerRole", # Replace with your SageMaker IAM role ARN model_bias_job_input=aws_native.sagemaker.ModelBiasJobDefinitionModelBiasJobInputArgs( ground_truth_s3_input=aws_native.sagemaker.ModelBiasJobDefinitionMonitoringGroundTruthS3InputArgs( s3_uri="s3://your-bucket/ground-truth-data.jsonl", ), endpoint_input=aws_native.sagemaker.ModelBiasJobDefinitionEndpointInputArgs( local_path="/opt/ml/processing/input/data", s3_input_mode="File", s3_data_distribution_type="FullyReplicated", endpoint_name="your-endpoint-name", # Replace with your endpoint name ), ), job_resources=aws_native.sagemaker.ModelBiasJobDefinitionMonitoringResourcesArgs( cluster_config=aws_native.sagemaker.ModelBiasJobDefinitionClusterConfigArgs( instance_count=1, instance_type="ml.m5.large", # Choose the instance type suitable for your model training volume_size_in_gb=50, ), ), ) # Create a SageMaker model that you want to train and monitor sagemaker_model = aws_native.sagemaker.Model("sagemakerModel", execution_role_arn="arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/SageMakerRole", # Replace with the ARN of your SageMaker execution role primary_container=aws_native.sagemaker.ModelContainerDefinitionArgs( image="123456789012.dkr.ecr.us-west-2.amazonaws.com/your-training-image:latest", # Replace with your training container image mode="SingleModel", ), ) # Create a SageMaker Endpoint for model deployment after training sagemaker_endpoint = aws_native.sagemaker.Endpoint("sagemakerEndpoint", endpoint_config_name=sagemaker_model.name, ) # Create a CloudWatch Alarm that watches for model training failures training_failure_alarm = aws_native.cloudwatch.Alarm("trainingFailureAlarm", comparison_operator="GreaterThanOrEqualToThreshold", evaluation_periods=1, metric_name="ModelTrainingFailure", # This is a hypothetical metric; replace with a real metric from SageMaker namespace="AWS/SageMaker", period=60, statistic="Sum", threshold=1, alarm_actions=["arn:aws:sns:us-west-2:123456789012:sagemaker-alerts"], # Replace with your SNS topic ARN datapoints_to_alarm=1, dimensions={ "EndpointName": sagemaker_endpoint.endpoint_name, }, ) # Export the names of the resources pulumi.export("model_bias_job_definition_name", model_bias_job_definition.job_definition_name) pulumi.export("sagemaker_model_name", sagemaker_model.model_name) pulumi.export("sagemaker_endpoint_name", sagemaker_endpoint.endpoint_name)

    This program sets up a Pulumi stack that creates resources for training a machine learning model on AWS SageMaker and monitors it for bias. Note that you will have to replace placeholders (like ARNs, image URIs, and bucket names) with actual values according to your AWS account and setup.

    The ModelBiasJobDefinition resource helps monitor the model for bias, and CloudWatch Alarms can alert you if there are failures or performance issues. The monitoring can be further enhanced by adding more CloudWatch metrics and alarms based on the specific needs of your training job.

    How this setup helps:

    • Monitoring: Continuous evaluation of the model for bias ensures that issues can be identified and addressed early in the model life cycle.
    • Escalation: CloudWatch Alarms can notify the team or trigger automated responses if certain conditions are met, indicating an issue with the model training.

    Remember to dive into the Pulumi AWS Native documentation for a deeper understanding of the resources and their configurations.