1. Serverless Data Lake Architecture for AI


    Creating a serverless data lake architecture for AI involves several steps and the integration of various cloud services. A data lake is a centralized repository that allows you to store all your structured and unstructured data at any scale. For artificial intelligence (AI) workloads, it is important to structure this architecture with scalable compute resources and services that facilitate data analytics and machine learning.

    In a serverless data lake architecture, services automatically manage the infrastructure, allowing you to focus on analyzing data and building AI models without worrying about managing servers. Below is a Pulumi program written in Python that creates a serverless data lake architecture on Google Cloud Platform (GCP) using Vertex AI and Google Cloud Storage (GCS).

    The program will perform the following actions:

    • Creates a Google Cloud Storage bucket to serve as the raw data storage for the data lake.
    • Configures a Vertex AI Dataset to manage and organize metadata for AI datasets.
    • Configures a Vertex AI Feature Store for storing and serving machine learning features.
    • Configures a Vertex AI Metadata Store to track artifacts and metadata of machine learning workflows.

    Before running this program, ensure that you have the necessary permissions on GCP and that Pulumi is configured with your GCP account.

    import pulumi import pulumi_gcp as gcp # Create a Google Cloud Storage bucket for the raw data in the data lake. raw_data_bucket = gcp.storage.Bucket("raw-data-bucket", location="US", # You can select the region that suits your needs. ) # Create a Vertex AI Dataset to manage and organize metadata for AI datasets. # Replace 'your-dataset-display-name' with the name you want to give your dataset. ai_dataset = gcp.vertex.AiDataset("ai-dataset", display_name="your-dataset-display-name", metadata_schema_uri="gs://google-cloud-aiplatform/schema/dataset/metadata/your-schema" # Use the appropriate metadata schema URI for your dataset. ) # Create a Vertex AI Feature Store for storing and serving machine learning features. ai_feature_store = gcp.vertex.AiFeatureStore("ai-feature-store", region="us-central1", # Specify the region where the feature store will be created. online_serving_config=gcp.vertex.AiFeatureStoreOnlineServingConfigArgs( scaling=gcp.vertex.AiFeatureStoreOnlineServingConfigScalingArgs( min_node_count=1, max_node_count=10 ), ), # Define the online serving config. ) # Create a Vertex AI Metadata Store to keep track of artifacts and metadata. ai_metadata_store = gcp.vertex.AiMetadataStore("ai-metadata-store", region="us-central1" # Specify the region for the metadata store. ) # Export the URLs so that they can be easily accessed from the Pulumi output. pulumi.export("raw_data_bucket_url", raw_data_bucket.url) pulumi.export("ai_dataset_name", ai_dataset.display_name) pulumi.export("ai_feature_store_name", ai_feature_store.name) pulumi.export("ai_metadata_store_name", ai_metadata_store.name)

    In this program, we started by specifying a GCS bucket to store unstructured and structured data. This is the first and foundational step in building a data lake where raw data is ingested. The next step is to organize this data. We use Vertex AI for organizing metadata, handling machine learning features, and keeping track of AI workflows.

    After deploying this architecture with Pulumi, you can ingest datasets into your data lake, and use Vertex AI and other tools to analyze the datasets and train AI models. Pulumi automates the provisioning and management of the cloud infrastructure, allowing you to iterate quickly and manage your resources as code.

    To deploy this code with Pulumi, save it to a file (e.g., data_lake.py), then run pulumi up to preview and deploy the resources. After deployment, Pulumi will provide output links that allow you to access your data lake and AI resources.