1. Orchestrating Machine Learning Data Pipelines with AWS Glue Workflows


    When orchestrating machine learning data pipelines with AWS Glue, you are dealing with a data preparation and processing workflow often essential for machine learning projects. AWS Glue provides a fully managed extract, transform, and load (ETL) service that makes it easy for customers to prepare and load their data for analytics. Through AWS Glue workflows, you can create complex ETL jobs, and orchestrate the necessary steps to transform, clean, and enrich your data before feeding it into your machine learning model.

    Below, I will guide you through setting up a basic AWS Glue Workflow in Pulumi using Python. This program will define an AWS Glue Workflow and dependent resources necessary to organize and run data processing scripts in a coordinated manner. Here's how to achieve this orchestration:

    1. Glue Workflow: The Glue Workflow is a managed orchestration service for running ETL jobs. It manages dependencies between tasks and automatically retries failed tasks.

    2. Glue Jobs: These are individual ETL tasks within the workflow. Each can be thought of as a step in the overall data pipeline, involving data transformations.

    3. Glue Triggers: These are conditions you define to initiate execution of Glue Jobs, such as on a schedule or based on the completion of another job.

    In the following Pulumi program, we'll set up a Glue Workflow and some dependent resources:

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Create a new Glue Workflow glue_workflow = aws.glue.Workflow("my_glue_workflow", description="My Glue Workflow for ML data pipelines") # Create a Glue Job as part of the data pipeline glue_job = aws.glue.Job("my_glue_job", role_arn="arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/AWSGlueServiceRole", command={ "scriptLocation": "s3://my-glue-scripts-bucket/script.py", "name": "glueetl" }, glue_version="2.0", default_arguments={ "--TempDir": "s3://my-temp-bucket/", "--job-language": "python" }) # Create a Glue Trigger to start the Job glue_trigger = aws.glue.Trigger("my_glue_trigger", workflow_name=glue_workflow.name, actions=[{ "jobName": glue_job.name }], predicate={ "conditions": [{ "state": "SUCCEEDED", "logicalOperator": "EQUALS", "jobName": "previous_job_name" }] }, # Setting the trigger type as "ON_DEMAND" means the workflow needs to be started manually. # You could set it as "SCHEDULED" and provide a "schedule" property to make it run automatically. type="ON_DEMAND") # Export the URL of the workflow to access its details in the AWS Console pulumi.export('glue_workflow_url', pulumi.Output.concat( "https://console.aws.amazon.com/glue/home?#workflow:edit=", glue_workflow.id))

    Here's what each part of the code does:

    • The my_glue_workflow resource definition creates a new AWS Glue Workflow. The description provides clarity on the purpose of the workflow.
    • The my_glue_job resource defines an ETL job. Adjust the role_arn to the ARN of the IAM role that AWS Glue should use, and scriptLocation to the S3 path of your Python ETL script. The default_arguments provide additional parameters that AWS Glue passes to your script, such as the S3 path for temporary data storage.
    • The my_glue_trigger resource sets up a trigger for initiating the Glue job. This is currently configured as ON_DEMAND, meaning it can be initiated through the Console or AWS CLI. Change the workflow_name to link the trigger to our defined workflow, and the actions determine what happens when the trigger fires—in this case, our my_glue_job is invoked.
    • Finally, we export the URL to the AWS Glue Workflow so you can easily access it from the AWS Management Console.

    This script is a foundational block for building more intricate data pipelines to suit complex machine learning workloads. You can add more jobs, triggers, and integrate other AWS services depending on your specific machine learning pipeline needs.

    Remember to replace the placeholder values like the S3 script location and the role_arn with actual values relevant to your AWS environment. Also, the IAM role specified must have the correct permissions to execute AWS Glue Jobs, including access to relevant S3 buckets and any other AWS resources your ETL job requires.