1. Securing AI APIs with Keycloak OAuth2 Integrations


    To secure AI APIs using Keycloak OAuth2 integrations, you will need to set up a Keycloak authentication server, configure realms, clients, and possibly users and roles, depending on your use case. Keycloak is an open-source identity and access management solution that provides out-of-the-box support for OAuth2. This means it acts as an OAuth2 provider that can issue tokens to clients after a successful authentication process.

    In a Pulumi program, you would use the Keycloak provider to define the necessary resources as infrastructure as code. Below is a basic Pulumi program using Python, which sets up a Keycloak realm and a client that can be used for securing an API. The keycloak.Provider represents the Keycloak server, while keycloak.Realm and keycloak.openid.Client are used to create a realm and a client within that realm.

    import pulumi import pulumi_keycloak as keycloak # Replace these values with your Keycloak instance details keycloak_server_url = 'https://your-keycloak-server' keycloak_admin_user = 'admin-username' keycloak_admin_password = 'admin-password' # Set up the Keycloak provider kc_provider = keycloak.Provider('keycloak-provider', server_url=keycloak_server_url, username=keycloak_admin_user, password=keycloak_admin_password) # Create a new realm ai_api_realm = keycloak.Realm('ai-api-realm', realm='ai-api-realm', enabled=True, # Add other properties as required by your setup ) # Create a client to secure your AI API ai_api_client = keycloak.openid.Client('ai-api-client', realm=ai_api_realm.id, # Referencing the realm by its ID client_id='ai-api-client', name='AI API Client', enabled=True, client_authenticator_type='client-secret', access_type='CONFIDENTIAL', # Confidential clients have a client_secret standard_flow_enabled=True, # Enable the standard OAuth2 flow # Other OAuth2 flows can be enabled as needed direct_access_grants_enabled=True, # Enable if your app needs direct access root_url='http://localhost:8080', redirect_uris=[ 'http://localhost:8080/*', # Replace with actual redirect URIs ], web_origins=[ 'http://localhost:8080', # CORS origin, replace with actual web origins ], # Add other necessary configurations as per your needs opts=pulumi.ResourceOptions(provider=kc_provider)) # Export client credentials for external use client_secret = pulumi.Output.secret(ai_api_client.client_secret) pulumi.export('ai_api_client_id', ai_api_client.client_id) pulumi.export('ai_api_client_secret', client_secret)

    In the above example:

    • A Keycloak provider is configured with the admin credentials and the server URL.
    • A new realm is created named ai-api-realm.
    • A CONFIDENTIAL type client is set up, which is suitable for server-side secured applications such as an API server. This client type requires a client secret to authenticate.
    • The standard_flow_enabled property is set to True, which enables the Authorization Code Flow. Depending on the application, other flows like Implicit, Direct Access Grants, or Service Accounts can be enabled as well.
    • The redirect_uris and web_origins are placeholders that you would need to replace with the URLs where your AI API is hosted and the URLs from where you expect the login responses to be redirected.

    To use the Keycloak resources, you must install the Pulumi Keycloak provider:

    pip install pulumi_keycloak

    For this program to execute successfully, you would also need to set up Pulumi with the correct environment and authentication for Keycloak. This is typically done outside of the program code in a secure manner using Pulumi configuration, environment variables, or a CI/CD pipeline.

    This program only touches on the very basics of securing an API with OAuth2 and Keycloak. Depending on your requirements, you might need to use additional Keycloak resources such as keycloak.Role, keycloak.User, keycloak.Group, or more, to fully manage authorization and user management. The Keycloak provider for Pulumi provides the necessary resources you need to manage all aspects of Keycloak programmatically.