1. Deploy the simple-nginx helm chart on Kubernetes


    To deploy the simple-nginx Helm chart on a Kubernetes cluster using Pulumi, you'll use the Chart resource from the @pulumi/kubernetes package. This resource allows you to apply a Helm chart to the Kubernetes cluster that Pulumi is currently connected to.

    First, ensure you have a Kubernetes cluster running and kubeconfig is properly set up so Pulumi can interact with your cluster.

    Here's how you can create a Pulumi program in TypeScript to deploy the simple-nginx Helm chart:

    1. First, you'll need to install Pulumi and the Kubernetes package for Pulumi if you haven't already.
    2. Then, set up a new Pulumi project and stack if needed.
    3. The program will consist of the following steps:
      • Importing the necessary Pulumi and Kubernetes packages.
      • Using the Chart resource to deploy the Helm chart.

    Below is the TypeScript program. This program assumes you are familiar with TypeScript and the use of npm for package management.

    import * as k8s from '@pulumi/kubernetes'; // Create a new instance of the 'Chart' resource from the 'simple-nginx' Helm chart. const nginxChart = new k8s.helm.v3.Chart('simple-nginx', { chart: 'nginx', version: '1.12.0', // Specify the version of the chart you wish to deploy // You may need to specify the repository if it's not in the default Helm chart repository list. // repo: 'https://charts.bitnami.com/bitnami' }); export const chartName = nginxChart.metadata.apply(m => m.name);

    Let's break down what each part of this program is doing:

    • We import the @pulumi/kubernetes package, which contains helpers for interacting with Kubernetes within Pulumi.

    • Inside the nginxChart, we create a Chart resource. The first argument 'simple-nginx' is the name we assign to our chart within Pulumi. This doesn't affect the Helm chart itself; it's just for Pulumi's state management.

    • The second argument to Chart is an object where we specify our Helm chart details:

      • chart: This is the name of the chart we want to deploy. In most cases, this will be something like 'nginx', 'mysql', or another well-known chart.

      • version: This specifies the version number of the Helm chart we want to deploy. This ensures that we always deploy the version we've tested and approved, and it won't accidentally upgrade to the latest version without our intervention.

      • repo: If the chart you are deploying is not from the default Helm repository, you need to specify the URL of the repository. For well-known charts like nginx, this property might not be needed, but for other custom charts, you'd need to specify where to find the chart.

    Finally, we export chartName, which is the metadata name of our deployed Helm chart, so it can be used or referenced outside of our Pulumi program if needed.

    To apply this Pulumi program, you'd navigate to the directory where this program is saved, then run pulumi up in your terminal. Pulumi will perform a preview run, showing you the changes it will make before actually making them. If you confirm the changes, Pulumi will go ahead and apply your Helm chart to the Kubernetes cluster you're connected to.

    Remember to check the documentation for the specific Helm chart you're using, as there might be different or additional settings and configurations you'd want to specify. Here are some additional relevant Pulumi documentation links: