1. GPU-Enabled EC2 Instances for Deep Learning Training


    To accomplish the goal of setting up GPU-enabled EC2 instances for deep learning training, we will first need to choose an appropriate Amazon EC2 instance type that supports GPU acceleration. AWS provides several instance types with GPU capabilities. For deep learning purposes, the p3 or p2 instance series are often used, as they come equipped with NVIDIA GPUs and are optimized for compute-intensive tasks.

    We will use the aws.ec2.Instance resource to create the GPU-enabled EC2 instance. In this Pulumi program, I'm going to use the p3.2xlarge instance type which is a general-purpose GPU instance type suitable for deep learning. Make sure to provide your own AMI ID that is compatible with the instance type and has the necessary deep learning frameworks (such as TensorFlow or PyTorch) pre-installed.

    Below is a Pulumi program in Python that provisions a GPU-enabled p3.2xlarge EC2 instance:

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Select the appropriate AMI for the GPU-enabled instance. # The AMI should be selected based on the region, and it should be configured with # GPU drivers and the deep learning framework of your choice. # Replace 'ami-xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx' with the actual AMI ID. ami_id = 'ami-xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx' # Create a new security group for the EC2 instance. # The security group will allow SSH access. You can adjust the rules as needed. security_group = aws.ec2.SecurityGroup('gpu-security-group', description="Allow SSH inbound traffic", ingress=[ { "protocol": "tcp", "from_port": 22, "to_port": 22, "cidr_blocks": [""], }, ] ) # Provision the GPU-enabled EC2 instance using the 'aws.ec2.Instance' resource. gpu_instance = aws.ec2.Instance('gpu-instance', instance_type='p3.2xlarge', # The instance type with GPU support. vpc_security_group_ids=[security_group.id], # Associate the instance with the security group. ami=ami_id, # The AMI ID of a GPU-optimized image. key_name='your-key-pair', # Replace with your key pair for SSH access. tags={ 'Name': 'GPU-instance' } ) # Export the public IP of the instance to access it. pulumi.export('instance_public_ip', gpu_instance.public_ip)

    Make sure to replace 'ami-xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx' with the actual AMI ID for a GPU-optimized image in your AWS region, and use a valid key pair name for your-key-pair. The public IP address of the instance is exported, so you can connect to it, usually via SSH, to start your deep learning tasks.

    This program sets up a single GPU-enabled EC2 instance with a security group allowing SSH access. If you need to process large datasets or require high-throughput, you might consider using additional storage or leveraging other AWS services like S3 for data storage. Adjustments can also be made based on costs and specifications you might need for your deep learning tasks.