1. Deploy the learning-fluentd helm chart on Kubernetes


    Deploying a Helm chart on Kubernetes using Pulumi is a way to automate the deployment and management of Kubernetes applications. Pulumi achieves this through Infrastructure as Code (IaC), enabling you to define the desired state of your infrastructure using familiar programming languages.

    Here, I'll help you understand how to use Pulumi to deploy a Helm chart, specifically the learning-fluentd chart. We'll be utilizing the kubernetes.helm.v3.Chart resource from the Pulumi Kubernetes provider, which allows you to describe a Helm chart installation similar to helm install or helm upgrade.

    Key Concepts

    • Helm: Helm is a package manager for Kubernetes that packages pre-configured Kubernetes resources into what is called a Helm chart.
    • Pulumi Kubernetes Provider: This is the Pulumi provider that allows you to interact with and manage Kubernetes resources, including deploying Helm charts.
    • Pulumi Program: The TypeScript code we'll write that represents the desired state of our Kubernetes resources.


    Before proceeding, make sure you have the following prerequisites satisfied:

    • Pulumi CLI installed and configured with the necessary cloud credentials.
    • Access to a Kubernetes cluster with kubeconfig file configured. Pulumi uses the kubeconfig file to interact with your Kubernetes cluster.
    • Helm and Tiller (for Helm v2) installed on your Kubernetes cluster. Helm v3 does not require Tiller.

    Example Pulumi Program

    The following TypeScript program demonstrates deploying the learning-fluentd Helm chart on a Kubernetes cluster using Pulumi. This code should be placed in an index.ts file, which is the entry point to the Pulumi application.

    import * as k8s from '@pulumi/kubernetes'; // Deploy the 'learning-fluentd' Helm chart into the Kubernetes cluster const fluentdChart = new k8s.helm.v3.Chart('learning-fluentd', { // Replace with the correct repository URL and chart name repo: 'my-repo', chart: 'learning-fluentd', version: '1.2.3', // Use the chart version you want to deploy // You can specify values here to override chart defaults // For example: values: { persistence: { size: "10Gi" } } // Please refer to the chart's documentation for values you can configure }); // Export the resources that Pulumi has deployed export const fluentdChartResources = fluentdChart.resources;


    • We first import the Kubernetes package that provides the interface to interact with Kubernetes resources.
    • We then create a new Helm chart instance using new k8s.helm.v3.Chart(). This is Pulumi's representation of a Helm chart.
    • The repo property should hold the repository URL where the learning-fluentd chart is located. Replace 'my-repo' with the correct repository URL.
    • The chart property is the name of the chart to deploy - in this case, 'learning-fluentd'.
    • The version property specifies the chart version. Be sure to use a specific version that you wish to deploy.
    • Inside the values property, you can provide a configuration override that the chart would need (This is similar to using --set or providing a values.yaml file in Helm CLI).

    Once you have your index.ts file set up, you can deploy your Helm chart by running Pulumi commands in your shell:

    pulumi up

    This command will prompt you for an approval to perform the deployment after showing you a preview of the resources that will be created.

    Additional Considerations

    • For the actual deployment, make sure that your repository URL and Helm chart version number match the learning-fluentd Helm chart's repository details and the desired version.
    • Refer to the Helm chart's documentation to see which values can be configured.
    • Pulumi transforms the TypeScript program you write into the concrete resources it manages, such as the Kubernetes Deployments, Services, and so on, represented by the Helm chart.

    By following the outlined steps and understanding the components involved, you should be able to deploy a Helm chart on Kubernetes using Pulumi effectively.