1. Serverless Event-Driven ML with DigitalOcean Functions


    Creating a serverless, event-driven machine learning (ML) setup typically involves deploying an ML model as a serverless function which can be triggered by various events, such as HTTP requests or file uploads. While the Pulumi Registry Results do not directly indicate support for DigitalOcean functions, Pulumi supports DigitalOcean through their pulumi_digitalocean provider.

    However, as of my knowledge cutoff in early 2023, DigitalOcean does not offer a native serverless functions as a service platform equivalent to AWS Lambda or Azure Functions, which limits our ability to implement a fully serverless and event-driven ML architecture natively in DigitalOcean with Pulumi. DigitalOcean's offerings focus more on container-based solutions such as DigitalOcean Kubernetes or App Platform that can be used to host APIs and serverless-like workloads.

    For the purpose of this concept exploration, let's discuss an alternative approach using AWS Lambda, which is a serverless compute service that lets you run code without provisioning or managing servers. We will simulate setting up an event-driven ML setup which could serve as a reference for potential future capabilities in DigitalOcean or other platforms.

    In this Pulumi program, we will:

    • Define an AWS Lambda function using a container image, which will contain our ML model.
    • Create an Amazon API Gateway that will act as the HTTP trigger to invoke the Lambda function.
    • Define IAM roles and policies to grant the necessary permissions for the Lambda function to be invoked.

    This program should work out of the box, assuming that you have AWS credentials configured for Pulumi to use.

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # First, we define an IAM role for the Lambda function, allowing it to run and be invoked. lambda_role = aws.iam.Role("lambda-role", assume_role_policy="""{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{ "Action": "sts:AssumeRole", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "Service": "lambda.amazonaws.com" } }] }""") # Attach the AWSLambdaBasicExecutionRole policy to the Lambda role. role_policy_attachment = aws.iam.RolePolicyAttachment("lambda-role-attachment", role=lambda_role.name, policy_arn=aws.iam.ManagedPolicy.AWSLambdaBasicExecutionRole.value ) # Assume you have an ML model container image ready in ECR (Elastic Container Registry) # Replace 'my-ml-model-ecr-repo-url' with the actual repository URL and 'tag' with the correct version ml_model_image = "my-ml-model-ecr-repo-url:tag" # Define the Lambda function using the ML model container image. # The container_image_uri should point to the image in ECR. ml_lambda_func = aws.lambda_.Function("ml-lambda-func", role=lambda_role.arn, package_type="Image", image_uri=ml_model_image, timeout=900, # Assuming up to 15 minutes for ML inference. Adjust as needed. memory_size=1024 # Adjust the memory size based on ML model needs. ) # The AWS Lambda function needs an API Gateway to be triggered via HTTP requests. # This will define a REST API Gateway, which will proxy requests to the Lambda function. api_gateway = aws.apigatewayv2.Api("api-gateway", protocol_type="HTTP", route_selection_expression="$request.method $request.path" ) # Define the API Gateway route integration with the AWS Lambda function. integration = aws.apigatewayv2.Integration("api-integration", api_id=api_gateway.id, integration_type="AWS_PROXY", integration_uri=ml_lambda_func.invoke_arn ) # Define a route for the REST API Gateway. # This will create an endpoint that can be used to trigger the Lambda function. route = aws.apigatewayv2.Route("api-route", api_id=api_gateway.id, route_key="POST /predict", # Assuming the ML model is being used for predictions. target=pulumi.Output.concat("integrations/", integration.id) ) # Create a deployment to activate the API Gateway. deployment = aws.apigatewayv2.Deployment("api-deployment", api_id=api_gateway.id, lifecycle={ "create_before_destroy": True, } ) # Associate the deployment with a stage, which is the final step making the API live. stage = aws.apigatewayv2.Stage("api-stage", api_id=api_gateway.id, deployment_id=deployment.id, name="v1" # Stage name, e.g., 'v1', 'prod', 'dev'. ) # Export the HTTP API URL so it can be used to trigger the Lambda function. pulumi.export("api_url", api_gateway.api_endpoint.apply(lambda endpoint: f"{endpoint}/predict"))

    This Pulumi program orchestrates the deployment of a serverless ML model using AWS services. The key components in this setup are:

    • AWS Lambda: It is the compute service that runs your code in response to triggers such as changes in data, shifts in system state, or actions by users.
    • Amazon API Gateway: It is a fully managed service that makes it easy for developers to create, publish, maintain, monitor, and secure APIs at any scale.

    Please ensure that the ml_model_image variable is replaced with your actual ML model's container image URL.

    Once the deployment is successful, you will get an API endpoint URL which can be used to send POST requests to make predictions with the ML model.

    Ensure that you have Pulumi installed, and AWS credentials configured. To run this program, save the code in a file __main__.py, and execute pulumi up in the same directory. The command will provision the resources accordingly on AWS.