1. Distributed Training of Machine Learning Models on GCP Dataproc


    Distributed training of machine learning models is a process that involves training a single model in parallel across many computational resources to speed up the training time. Google Cloud's Dataproc is a managed service for running Apache Spark and Apache Hadoop clusters which simplifies the process of creating and managing clusters that you can use to run distributed training jobs.

    To set up distributed training of machine learning models on GCP with Pulumi, you will need to create a Dataproc cluster which will run the training job, and then submit that job to the cluster. Below is an example that will guide you through the process of creating a Dataproc cluster and submitting a PySpark job to it for machine learning model training.

    The first step is to create a Dataproc Cluster using the Cluster resource. This cluster will be the environment where our machine learning model will be trained.

    Once the cluster is set up, you will define a Dataproc Job using the Job resource, which allows you to submit the PySpark job to the cluster. In this example, I will assume that the PySpark job script (train_model.py) is available in a Google Cloud Storage bucket that the Dataproc cluster can access.

    Here's the program to create a Dataproc cluster and submit a PySpark job:

    import pulumi import pulumi_gcp as gcp # Create a GCP Dataproc cluster dataproc_cluster = gcp.dataproc.Cluster("machine-learning-cluster", cluster_config={ # Specify the configurations for the master/worker nodes. "master_config": { "num_instances": 1, "machine_type": "n1-standard-4" }, "worker_config": { "num_instances": 2, "machine_type": "n1-standard-4" } }, region="us-central1" # specify the region where your cluster will be created. ) # Submit a PySpark job to the Dataproc cluster pyspark_job = gcp.dataproc.Job("pyspark-ml-job", # Reference the cluster created above. placement={ "cluster_name": dataproc_cluster.name, }, pyspark_config={ # Provide the URI of your PySpark script in Google Cloud Storage. "main_python_file_uri": "gs://your-bucket-name/path/to/train_model.py", }, region="us-central1" # ensure the job is submitted to the same region as the cluster. ) # Export the id of the cluster pulumi.export("cluster_id", dataproc_cluster.id) # Export the id of the PySpark job pulumi.export("pyspark_job_id", pyspark_job.id)

    In the above program:

    • gcp.dataproc.Cluster is used to create a new Dataproc cluster with specified configurations for master and worker nodes. The num_instances and machine_type options allow you to select the number and type of instances you need. You can adjust these depending on the size and requirements of your machine learning training job.

    • gcp.dataproc.Job is used to submit a PySpark job to the Dataproc cluster. The main_python_file_uri points to the main Python file (e.g., a PySpark script) that contains the logic for your machine learning model training. This file must be stored in a Google Cloud Storage bucket to which your Dataproc cluster has access.

    • Finally, the pulumi.export statements output the IDs of the created resources upon successful deployment. These can be handy for referencing them in the future, such as when monitoring job status or scaling your cluster.

    Before running this program, ensure you have set up Google Cloud credentials and the Pulumi GCP provider. This program would then be executed using Pulumi CLI commands such as pulumi up to launch the resources.