1. Event-Driven Model Inference with Azure Event Grid


    Event-driven architectures allow for loosely coupled systems and services to communicate with each other by sending messages about events. These events can trigger further processes or workflows in other parts of the system. Azure Event Grid is a service that provides event routing and delivery capabilities, thereby enabling this kind of architecture in Azure environments.

    When dealing with machine learning models in production, event-driven architectures can be quite beneficial. For instance, whenever new data becomes available that requires inference from a deployed model, an event can be generated. Azure Event Grid can route this event to a particular endpoint where the model is served, and the model can then perform the necessary inference on the new data.

    In the following program written in Python, we will set up an Azure Event Grid topic which can receive events, and a subscription for that topic that will trigger a custom Azure Function when an event is received. This function could serve a machine learning model and provide inference. For our purposes, we will just set up the infrastructure required for such a system. Remember that the function code is not included here and should be deployed separately.

    Let's walk through the process:

    First, you need to deploy an Event Grid Topic, which is essentially a channel where the event producers send events. Next, you create an Event Subscription for this topic. The event handler (Azure Function, in our case) is effectively subscribed to this topic to listen for specific events. In the program, you'll see event_subscription_name and eventgrid_topic_name, which are arbitrary names for your Event Grid Subscription and Topic. replace <your-resource-group> with the name of the resource group where you want to deploy these resources.

    import pulumi import pulumi_azure as azure # Create an Azure Resource Group resource_group = azure.core.ResourceGroup('example-resource-group') # Create an Azure Event Grid Topic eventgrid_topic = azure.eventgrid.Topic('example-eventgrid-topic', resource_group_name=resource_group.name, location=resource_group.location) # Create an Azure Function to handle events # Please ensure that you have deployed the Azure Function separately and have the endpoint URL azure_function_app = azure.appservice.FunctionApp('example-function-app', resource_group_name=resource_group.name, # Additional configuration needed like App Service Plan, Storage Account, etc. ) # This is where you capture the Function's endpoint URL, ideally after deployment function_app_default_hostname = azure_function_app.default_hostname # Create a webhook URL for the Azure Function to use with Event Grid function_app_url = pulumi.Output.concat('https://', function_app_default_hostname, '/api/handler') # Create an Event Grid Subscription to the Azure Function eventgrid_subscription = azure.eventgrid.EventSubscription('example-eventgrid-subscription', scope=eventgrid_topic.id, webhook_endpoint={ 'url': function_app_url }) # Export the Event Grid Topic Endpoint and the Azure Function Webhook URL pulumi.export('eventgrid_topic_endpoint', eventgrid_topic.endpoint) pulumi.export('function_app_webhook_url', function_app_url)

    In this example:

    • We initialize an instance of ResourceGroup to create a new resource group in Azure where we will host all the services.
    • We create an Event Grid Topic using azure.eventgrid.Topic. The resource_group_name and location are based on the resource_group we created earlier.
    • We assume there is an Azure Function App (azure_function_app) deployed that can process the events. This Function App must have a webhook endpoint that Event Grid can call.
    • We then create an Event Grid EventSubscription to the topic we created, specifying the URL of the Azure Function as the handler for the events.

    This program sets up the foundation for event-driven model inference. Importantly, you should provide the Function App code separately and ensure that it's deployed to Azure and capable of processing the events it will receive.

    The use of pulumi.export is to output the Event Grid Topic Endpoint and the Function App Webhook URL for external use or validations post-deployment.

    Remember that you will need to replace placeholders like function endpoints with actual deployment details when implementing this in practice. Also, make sure that the Function App has the necessary permission to be triggered by the Event Grid Subscription.