1. Stream Processing for Real-Time AI Inference with Azure Event Hubs


    Stream processing allows for the real-time analysis of data as it flows through a system. Real-time AI inference takes this concept further by applying machine learning models to streaming data to generate immediate insights. Azure Event Hubs is a highly scalable data streaming platform and event ingestion service that can receive and process millions of events per second. This service can help you build a stream processing system on Azure, which you can integrate with Azure Machine Learning or other AI services for real-time inference.

    Here is a program written in Python using Pulumi that sets up Azure Event Hubs for stream processing, which could be extended to incorporate AI inference:

    1. Azure Event Hub: To ingest real-time data streams. It's like a scalable "ingest pipe" that can handle high-velocity data streams.
    2. Azure Stream Analytics: This can process and analyze streaming data in real time.
    3. Event Hub Namespace: All Event Hubs live in a namespace, which is a scoping container for multiple Event Hubs.
    import pulumi from pulumi_azure_native import eventhub as azure_eventhub # Create an Azure Resource Group resource_group = azure_eventhub.ResourceGroup('resource_group') # Create an Event Hubs Namespace for our Event Hub to reside in event_hub_namespace = azure_eventhub.Namespace('namespace', resource_group_name=resource_group.name, sku=azure_eventhub.SkuArgs( name='Standard' ), location='East US' ) # Create an Event Hub within the Namespace event_hub = azure_eventhub.EventHub('eventhub', resource_group_name=resource_group.name, namespace_name=event_hub_namespace.name, partition_count=2 ) # Export the connection string for the Event Hub Namespace, which can be used by stream processing applications primary_connection_string = pulumi.Output.all(resource_group.name, event_hub_namespace.name).apply( lambda args: azure_eventhub.list_namespace_keys_output(args[0], args[1]).apply( lambda keys: keys.primary_connection_string ) ) pulumi.export('primary_connection_string', primary_connection_string)

    In the code above:

    • We start by creating a Resource Group which is a logical container for Azure resources.
    • Next, we create a Namespace for Event Hubs which acts as a scoping container.
    • Inside the namespace, we create an Event Hub where the actual data will be sent to and processed.
    • We set a partition count for the Event Hub; partitions are a way to subdivide your Event Hub into distinct streams for scalability and throughput purposes.
    • Finally, we export the primary connection string for the namespace that can be used to send data to the Event Hub securely.

    To extend this setup for real-time AI inference, you would integrate Azure Machine Learning models and use Azure Functions or Azure Stream Analytics jobs to process and apply the model on your streaming data.

    Here's how the connection flow typically works:

    • Data producers send data to event hubs, and data consumers read data from these.
    • Azure Function Apps or Azure Stream Analytics react to the incoming data and pass it to the machine learning model.
    • A Machine Learning model makes real-time inferences based on the data.
    • The results are then outputted to a suitable endpoint or further processed as required.

    In this example, we've only shown the part where we set up the infrastructure for ingesting and initially handling the data, which is the first step in building a real-time AI system. Actual streaming data processing and AI inference logic would be defined outside this infrastructure setup.