1. Scheduled Data Ingestion for S3 Data Lakes


    Scheduled data ingestion for S3 data lakes typically involves automating the process of transferring and managing data from various sources into an Amazon S3 bucket, which serves as the data lake storage. For this to run on a schedule, you might leverage AWS services like AWS Lambda for compute tasks, Amazon EventBridge (previously CloudWatch Events) for scheduling, and AWS Step Functions for coordinating workflows.

    Below is a Python program using Pulumi to set up a simple scheduled data ingestion process into an S3-based data lake:

    1. AWS Lambda Function: This function will handle the task of moving data into our S3 bucket. It could execute any data ingestion logic you have in mind (such as pulling data from an API or processing files).

    2. Amazon EventBridge: This is used to trigger the Lambda function on a schedule. You can set it up to execute at a specific time interval (e.g., every hour or once a day).

    3. IAM Role and Policy: The Lambda function needs permissions to access the S3 bucket. The policy grants the necessary S3 permissions, and the role allows the Lambda function to assume it.

    4. S3 Bucket: The destination for the ingested data, which forms the core of your data lake.

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Create an S3 bucket that will act as our Data Lake data_lake_bucket = aws.s3.Bucket("dataLakeBucket", acl="private", versioning=aws.s3.BucketVersioningArgs( enabled=True, )) # IAM role which the Lambda function will assume lambda_role = aws.iam.Role("lambdaRole", assume_role_policy="""{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{ "Action": "sts:AssumeRole", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "Service": "lambda.amazonaws.com" } }] }""") # Policy allowing our Lambda to access the S3 bucket lambda_policy = aws.iam.RolePolicy("lambdaPolicy", role=lambda_role.name, policy=data_lake_bucket.arn.apply(lambda arn: f"""{{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{{ "Effect": "Allow", "Action": ["s3:PutObject", "s3:GetObject"], "Resource": "{arn}/*" }}] }}""")) # Lambda function doing the data ingestion data_ingestion_lambda = aws.lambda_.Function("dataIngestionLambda", code=pulumi.FileArchive("./lambda.zip"), role=lambda_role.arn, handler="index.handler", runtime="python3.8") # EventBridge rule to trigger our Lambda on a schedule – here, 'rate(1 day)' means once a day lambda_schedule = aws.cloudwatch.EventRule("lambdaSchedule", schedule_expression="rate(1 day)") # Target that links the rule to our Lambda function lambda_target = aws.cloudwatch.EventTarget("lambdaTarget", rule=lambda_schedule.name, arn=data_ingestion_lambda.arn) # Permission for EventBridge to invoke the Lambda function invoke_permission = aws.lambda_.Permission("invokePermission", action="lambda:InvokeFunction", function=data_ingestion_lambda.name, principal="events.amazonaws.com", source_arn=lambda_schedule.arn) # Export the S3 bucket URL to be accessed pulumi.export("data_lake_bucket_url", data_lake_bucket.website_endpoint)


    • aws.s3.Bucket creates a new S3 bucket with versioning enabled for data storage.
    • aws.iam.Role sets up a new IAM role that the AWS Lambda function will assume.
    • aws.iam.RolePolicy attaches a policy to the IAM role that grants the Lambda function permissions to put objects into the S3 bucket.
    • aws.lambda_.Function creates a new Lambda function to handle the data ingestion logic, where code points to a zipped archive of your Python script.
    • aws.cloudwatch.EventRule sets up a new EventBridge rule to invoke our Lambda function on the defined schedule.
    • aws.cloudwatch.EventTarget attaches the Lambda function as a target to the scheduled EventRule.
    • aws.lambda_.Permission grants EventBridge the necessary permission to invoke the Lambda function.

    This Pulumi program sets up the necessary resources to have a scheduled data ingestion process to feed into your S3 Data Lake. Make sure to replace "./lambda.zip" with the path to your zipped Lambda function code and define the handler property according to your script.

    Note: The actual data ingestion logic would need to be defined within your Lambda function's code, which isn't covered by the Pulumi program.