1. Event-driven ML Model Serving with Dapr Pub/Sub


    To set up event-driven ML model serving using Dapr Pub/Sub on a cloud provider like Azure, we can utilize Pulumi to orchestrate the necessary resources and wire them up for communication. The components required for such an architecture might include a Kubernetes cluster to host our services, the Dapr components for Pub/Sub messaging, and possibly other Azure resources to support our application.

    Here's how you could achieve this with Pulumi:

    1. Provision a Kubernetes Cluster: This is where your microservices will be deployed. You can use AKS (Azure Kubernetes Service) for this purpose.

    2. Install Dapr on Kubernetes: Dapr (Distributed Application Runtime) simplifies building microservice applications. It allows you to implement Pub/Sub messaging patterns easily among your services.

    3. Define Dapr Components: These are the building blocks used by Dapr to enable different capabilities in your microservices. In our scenario, you would define a Pub/Sub component. Dapr supports multiple message brokers for Pub/Sub, including Azure Service Bus, Azure Event Hubs, and Redis Streams.

    4. Deploy your ML Model Serving Microservice: This is the service that will load your ML model and serve predictions. It will subscribe to a topic to receive data to run predictions against your model.

    5. Deploy other Microservices: If you have other services that are a part of your ML model serving application, you deploy them accordingly. They could be services for data processing, data ingress, etc.

    6. Configure Topic Subscriptions and Event Publishing: Set up your microservices to publish events to and subscribe to the appropriate topics.

    Here's a Pulumi program in Python that demonstrates the first two steps. Because setting up an entire ML model serving architecture is complex, I'll focus on setting up an AKS cluster and installing Dapr on it. Further steps would involve defining the specifics of your microservices and setting up continuous integration and deployment (CI/CD) pipelines, among other tasks.

    import pulumi import pulumi_azure_native as azure_native import pulumi_kubernetes as k8s # Step 1: Provision an Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) cluster # Resources: https://www.pulumi.com/docs/reference/pkg/azure-native/containerservice/managedcluster/ resource_group = azure_native.resources.ResourceGroup('my-resource-group') managed_cluster = azure_native.containerservice.ManagedCluster( 'my-aks-cluster', resource_group_name=resource_group.name, agent_pool_profiles=[{ 'count': 3, 'vm_size': 'Standard_DS2_v2', 'name': 'agentpool', }], dns_prefix='k8s-myaks', linux_profile={ 'adminUsername': 'myadmin', 'ssh': { 'publicKeys': [{ 'keyData': 'ssh-rsa ...', }], }, }, service_principal_profile={ 'clientId': 'my-service-principal-client-id', 'secret': 'my-service-principal-client-secret', }, ) # Step 2: Install Dapr on the AKS cluster using the Kubernetes provider # For Dapr installation you normally use Helm or Dapr CLI, but you can automate this with Pulumi # First, we need to get credentials for Kubernetes to grant Pulumi access to the AKS cluster creds = pulumi.Output.all(resource_group.name, managed_cluster.name).apply( lambda args: azure_native.containerservice.list_managed_cluster_user_credentials( resource_group_name=args[0], resource_name=args[1], )) kubeconfig = creds.apply(lambda res: res.kubeconfigs[0].value) # Now, create a Kubernetes provider instance using the kubeconfig from AKS k8s_provider = k8s.Provider('k8s-provider', kubeconfig=kubeconfig) # At this point, you would proceed to install Dapr on the cluster # Typically, you would download the Dapr helm chart and use Pulumi to deploy it # To keep the program brief, this step is shown as a placeholder # pulumi.export('kubeconfig', kubeconfig) # Exports the kubeconfig for direct kubectl use if necessary # Step 3 onwards would involve deploying Dapr components and your microservices. # However, this requires a deep understanding of your specific ML model, its serving mechanism, # and how you plan to handle messages and events within your system. # To continue with those steps, we would define DaprComponents # and then use Kubernetes Deployment and Service resources to deploy your actual microservices # that interact with the Dapr sidecar for Pub/Sub and other microservice patterns.

    This code sets up an AKS cluster and details where you could continue with the Dapr installation and the deployment of your microservices. As you can see, the actual Dapr setup and application deployment are not trivial and will require further specifications unique to your setup.