1. AWS Kinesis Firehose for Large Language Model Training Data Streams


    To set up AWS Kinesis Firehose for streaming large volumes of data, such as those needed for training large language models, you'll need to create a delivery stream. This delivery stream can then be configured to transform and enrich the incoming data, optionally using AWS Lambda, and finally store the processed data in a destination such as Amazon S3.

    Below, I will provide a Pulumi program in Python that creates a Kinesis Firehose delivery stream with AWS Lambda processing and ultimately stores the data in an S3 bucket.

    Resources Used

    1. Firehose Delivery Stream (aws.kinesis.FirehoseDeliveryStream): This resource will create the Kinesis Firehose delivery stream. We will configure this stream to receive the input data that needs to be processed for the language model training.

    2. IAM Role (aws.iam.Role): This resource will create an AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) role that gives Kinesis Firehose the necessary permissions to access other AWS services such as Lambda and S3.

    3. S3 Bucket (aws.s3.Bucket): This resource creates an Amazon S3 bucket where the processed streams from Kinesis Firehose will be stored.

    4. Lambda Function (aws.lambda.Function): In case you need to transform or preprocess the streaming data before storing it, you can use Lambda. This resource creates an AWS Lambda function that you can use for that purpose.

    Each resource is defined in the Pulumi program and properly configured to work together to achieve the goal of setting up a Kinesis Firehose delivery stream for data processing.

    Pulumi Program

    Here is the Pulumi program that sets up the resources:

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Creates an IAM role for Firehose service firehose_role = aws.iam.Role("firehoseRole", assume_role_policy="""{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": {"Service": "firehose.amazonaws.com"}, "Action": "sts:AssumeRole" } ] }""" ) # Attaches a policy to the role that allows writing to S3 policy = aws.iam.RolePolicy("firehoseS3Policy", role=firehose_role.id, policy=pulumi.Output.all(firehose_role.arn).apply(lambda arn: f"""{{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ {{ "Effect": "Allow", "Action": "s3:AbortMultipartUpload", "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::{arn}/*" }}, {{ "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:GetBucketLocation", "s3:GetObject", "s3:ListBucket", "s3:ListBucketMultipartUploads", "s3:PutObject" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::{arn}", "arn:aws:s3:::{arn}/*" ] }} ] }}""") ) # Creates an S3 bucket for storing the Firehose records s3_bucket = aws.s3.Bucket("firehoseS3Bucket") # (Optional) Lambda transformation function # Replace the `code`, `handler`, and `runtime` with your settings if required lambda_function = aws.lambda_.Function("lambdaFunction", code="path_to_your_lambda_function_code_bundle", handler="your_lambda_function.handler", runtime="python3.8", # Change the runtime as needed role=firehose_role.arn ) # Creates a Kinesis Firehose delivery stream firehose_stream = aws.kinesis.FirehoseDeliveryStream("firehoseStream", destination="extended_s3", extended_s3_configuration={ "role_arn": firehose_role.arn, "bucket_arn": s3_bucket.arn, "buffering_size": 10, # Optionally enable data transformation with a Lambda function "processing_configuration": { "enabled": True, "processors": [ { "type": "Lambda", "parameters": [ { "parameter_name": "LambdaArn", "parameter_value": lambda_function.arn }, ] }, ] }, "compression_format": "GZIP", } ) # Outputs pulumi.export("firehose_stream_name", firehose_stream.name) pulumi.export("s3_bucket_name", s3_bucket.bucket) pulumi.export("lambda_function_name", lambda_function.name)


    • An IAM role with an attached policy is created to ensure that Firehose has permissions to access S3 and Lambda.
    • An S3 bucket is set up where the processed data will be stored.
    • A Lambda function is included in this setup for data transformation purposes. This is optional and dependent on whether you need to preprocess your data. If you choose not to use Lambda, you can remove the related configuration in the extended_s3_configuration.
    • A Firehose delivery stream is created with the destination set to the S3 bucket. It's configured to use the Lambda function if necessary.
    • Finally, information such as the Firehose stream name, the S3 bucket name, and the Lambda function name are exported for easy access post-creation.

    Remember to replace path_to_your_lambda_function_code_bundle with the actual path to your Lambda code package and your_lambda_function.handler with your Lambda handler.

    This program lays the foundation for a robust data ingestion pipeline, which can be an integral part of your large language model training architecture. After running this Pulumi code, your AWS infrastructure will be ready to stream and store data for further processing and training your model.