1. Deploy the namespaces helm chart on Kubernetes


    To deploy a Helm chart to a Kubernetes cluster using Pulumi, you utilize the Chart resource from the @pulumi/kubernetes library. This resource represents a Helm chart which, when applied, declares a desired state that aligns with the resources defined within that Helm chart.

    Below I'll guide you through the process with an example TypeScript program. This program will deploy the "namespaces" Helm chart to a Kubernetes cluster, which suggests it's a chart that has something to do with setting up namespaces. Please ensure that you have this chart available in a Helm repository or local directory.

    Before running the below Pulumi program, make sure you have these prerequisites met:

    1. Pulumi CLI Installed: Ensure you've got the Pulumi CLI installed on your machine. If not, download it from the official website.
    2. Kubernetes Configured: Since Pulumi interacts with your Kubernetes cluster context (setup in ~/.kube/config by default), make sure that kubectl is installed and configured to communicate with your Kubernetes cluster.

    Here's the detailed TypeScript program that deploys a Helm chart named "namespaces":

    import * as k8s from '@pulumi/kubernetes'; // Create a Helm chart resource describing the deployment of the namespaces chart. // Note: You may need to replace 'chartName' and 'chartVersion' with the actual // chart name and version from your Helm repository or local chart path. const chart = new k8s.helm.v3.Chart('namespaces', { // Specify the chart and version. chart: 'namespaces', version: '1.0.0', // Replace with your chart's version. // If it's in a local directory, you can use the 'path' option instead. // path: './namespaces-chart', // Custom values to override those specified in the chart's 'values.yaml'. values: { // Specify any custom values your chart requires. }, // If the chart is from a custom repository, specify its URL. repo: 'http://my-chart-repo/', // Specify the namespace to deploy the chart into. namespace: 'default', // Replace with the desired namespace. }); // Export the chart's name. export const chartName = chart.metadata.apply(m => m.name);
    • We begin by importing the Kubernetes package from Pulumi which provides the necessary tools to interface with your Kubernetes cluster.

    • The k8s.helm.v3.Chart resource is where we define our Helm chart deployment. This resource will instruct Pulumi to apply the Helm chart to the Kubernetes cluster when we run pulumi up.

    • The chart property specifies the name of the Helm chart we want to deploy.

    • The version property specifies the version of the Helm chart.

    • If the chart is hosted in a Helm repository, the repo property can be used to specify its URL. If the chart is stored locally, you can use the path property instead to provide the file path to the chart.

    • The values property can be used to supply any custom configuration that should override the defaults specified in the Helm chart's values.yaml file.

    • Finally, the namespace property specifies the Kubernetes namespace where this chart should be deployed. If your chart manages namespace creation, you might not need to specify this, as the namespaces would be created as part of the chart's resource set.

    • At the end, we export the name of the chart so it can be easily identified in the output when the program is run.

    To apply this Pulumi program:

    1. Save the code in a file named index.ts within your Pulumi project.
    2. Run pulumi up in the console from the directory where this file is located. Pulumi will perform the deployment, prompting you for confirmation before proceeding.

    If you encounter any issues deploying your Helm chart, ensure that the chart name, version, and repository URL are correct and accessible from your environment. Also, verify that your kubeconfig is correctly set up to interact with your Kubernetes cluster.