1. Reliable Actors for Distributed AI Workflows


    In the context of cloud architectures, "actors" often refer to the components in a distributed system that can handle asynchronous messages and perform operations in isolation. They are often stateful and can be distributed across a compute cluster to achieve high availability and resilience.

    If you are looking to implement a pattern featuring reliable actors for distributed AI workflows, you could consider using Azure Functions Durable Entities or the Actor model in the Orleans framework. However, those topics are not directly related to infrastructure as code which Pulumi handles.

    Pulumi can assist in setting up the infrastructure required to run these distributed AI workflows by provisioning resources like Azure Functions, VMs, Kubernetes clusters (for Orleans, for example), or various AI and machine learning services that the cloud providers offer.

    For example, say you want to set up a Kubernetes cluster on Azure to run your distributed AI workflows. Pulumi can help you provision this cluster, and then you could deploy your containerized AI apps onto it.

    Here's a Pulumi program in Python to provision an Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) cluster, which could be used as a platform to deploy applications that implement the reliable Actors model:

    import pulumi from pulumi_azure_native import resources from pulumi_azure_native import containerservice from pulumi_azure_native import authorization from pulumi import Output # Create an Azure Resource Group resource_group = resources.ResourceGroup('my-resource-group') # Create an AKS cluster cluster = containerservice.ManagedCluster( 'my-aks', resource_group_name=resource_group.name, agent_pool_profiles=[{ 'count': 3, 'max_pods': 110, 'mode': 'System', 'name': 'agentpool', 'vm_size': 'Standard_DS2_v2', 'os_type': 'Linux', }], dns_prefix='myaks', enable_rbac=True, kubernetes_version='1.21.2', # specify your required Kubernetes version linux_profile={ 'admin_username': 'adminuser', 'ssh': { 'publicKeys': [{ 'keyData': 'ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAABAQD3b...' }], }, }, service_principal_profile={ 'client_id': 'your-service-principal-client-id', # Provide your service principal application id 'secret': 'your-service-principal-client-secret', # Provide your service principal secret } ) # Export the cluster's kubeconfig kubeconfig = Output.all(resource_group.name, cluster.name).apply( lambda args: containerservice.list_managed_cluster_user_credentials( resource_group_name=args[0], resource_name=args[1], ) ).apply(lambda creds: creds.kubeconfigs[0].value.decode('utf-8')) pulumi.export('kubeconfig', kubeconfig)

    In this sample, we create an Azure Resource Group, then within it, we create an AKS cluster. We've enabled RBAC for the cluster for security reasons, and we've also provided a service principal that AKS will use to interact with other Azure resources.

    After running pulumi up, you will get a kubeconfig in the output, which you can use to interact with your Kubernetes cluster (like running kubectl commands).

    Remember, this is just the setup for the infrastructure. You would still need to implement your AI workflows and the actor model within the applications you deploy to this cluster. Pulumi does not directly manage application-level concerns, such as actor-style message passing or state management; it is focused on provisioning and managing the cloud resources your applications run on.