1. SSL Certificate Automation for AI APIs


    When building AI APIs (or any API with an internet-facing endpoint), it's essential to secure the communication using SSL/TLS. Automating the process of obtaining and renewing SSL certificates ensures your APIs remain secure without manual intervention.

    One way to automate SSL certificate management is by using a DNS-01 challenge, which involves creating a specific DNS record to prove control of a domain. This is especially useful for wildcard certificates that secure multiple subdomains or when HTTP traffic to a domain is restricted.

    Among the Pulumi resources in the Registry Results, we have options from various cloud providers, including AWS, Google Cloud, Azure, and others, that support automation of SSL certificate management. However, the ACME provider, which integrates with Let's Encrypt—an open certificate authority providing free SSL/TLS certificates—is a popular choice for certificate automation.

    In this Pulumi program, we'll use the pulumi_acme package to create a new SSL certificate using ACME protocol and Let's Encrypt. We must first set up an ACME account and then complete a DNS challenge to prove domain ownership. After these steps, we can generate the certificate. Let's assume that pulumi_digitalocean is your cloud provider where the DNS challenge will be completed, and the certificate will be attached to your digital ocean load balancer serving the AI APIs.

    Below is a simplified Pulumi program to automate the SSL certificate creation process:

    import pulumi import pulumi_acme as acme import pulumi_digitalocean as digitalocean # Replace these with your domain and DigitalOcean access token domain_name = 'api.example.com' do_token = 'your_digital_ocean_token' # Create an ACME provider instance using Let's Encrypt acme_provider = acme.Provider('letsEncrypt', server='https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory') # Set up a DNS challenge using DigitalOcean's DNS management dns_challenge = acme.DnsChallengeConfigArgs( provider='digitalocean', config=acme.DnsChallengeConfigProviderArgs( token=do_token ) ) # Register an ACME account acme_registration = acme.Registration('myRegistration', acme_provider=acme_provider, email='my-email@example.com') # Generate a private key for the certificate private_key = acme.PrivateKey('myPrivateKey', algorithm='RSA-2048') # Request a certificate for your domain using DNS challenge certificate = acme.Certificate('myCertificate', acme_provider=acme_provider, account_key_pem=acme_registration.private_key_pem, common_name=domain_name, dns_challenges=[dns_challenge]) # Export the certificate and private key pulumi.export('certificate_pem', certificate.certificate_pem) pulumi.export('private_key_pem', private_key.private_key_pem) # The following would be attaching the DNS challenged certificate to your DO load balancer # if the logic was present to do so. Unfortunately, current Pulumi doesn't support # the digitalocean provider to do this task directly, but it can be done via the CLI or DO console.

    This Pulumi program starts by setting up the necessary configuration to use the ACME protocol with Let's Encrypt. Then, it registers an account with ACME and requests a certificate for the specified domain, while handling the DNS-01 challenge automatically through DigitalOcean's DNS.

    After running this Pulumi program, the SSL certificate will be managed automatically. The program exports the certificate and private key straight to your Pulumi stack outputs, allowing you to use them to secure your API.

    Note: The DNS challenge requires adding a TXT record to your domain's DNS configuration. In this program, we assume the DNS provider is Digitalocean, and use pulumi_acme’s automatic DNS challenge configuration for Digitalocean, so you don't need to manually handle DNS records.

    Remember to secure any sensitive information, such as your DigitalOcean API token and email, preferably using Pulumi's secret management or environment variables.

    This program should give you a base to start automating SSL certificate management for your AI APIs using Pulumi and Let's Encrypt. Actual deployment and provisioning of the certificate on your API endpoints will need to be handled according to the specific infrastructure and cloud provider you are using.