1. Automating VM Image Patch Management for AI Training Workloads


    Managing virtual machine (VM) images and ensuring they are up-to-date with the latest patches is crucial for maintaining security and performance, especially for workloads related to artificial intelligence (AI) training, where compute environments need to be consistent and reliable. Automating this process can greatly reduce manual overhead and error potential.

    In this guidance, I'll provide you with a Pulumi program to automate the process of patch management for VM images within an Azure environment. Azure offers a service called Azure Automation, which provides capabilities to update and manage patches of VM images. Specifically, we will use the SoftwareUpdateConfigurationByName resource from the azure-native provider to define and apply patch management to our VMs. This will ensure they are consistently patched and compliant with specified criteria.

    Here's a step-by-step Pulumi Python program that achieves this:

    1. Define an automation account where we'll configure the patch management.
    2. Create a schedule for our patching to occur.
    3. Configure our software update by defining which VMs to target, what type of updates to include, and when to apply them.

    Let's dig into the program:

    import pulumi import pulumi_azure_native as azure_native # Create an Azure Resource Group to hold our resources resource_group = azure_native.resources.ResourceGroup("ai_workloads_resource_group") # Create an Azure Automation Account within the Resource Group automation_account = azure_native.automation.AutomationAccount("ai_automation_account", resource_group_name=resource_group.name, sku=azure_native.automation.SkuArgs( name="Basic", # The SKU named 'Basic' is more than enough for our use case ), location=resource_group.location, ) # Next, we'll create a software update schedule for our AI workloads # In real scenarios, you should adjust the settings to your specific needs software_update_schedule = azure_native.automation.Schedule("ai_software_update_schedule", resource_group_name=resource_group.name, automation_account_name=automation_account.name, frequency="Week", # or 'Day', 'Hour', etc., depending on your requirements interval=1, # Every 1 interval of the chosen frequency start_time=pulumi.Output.concat( pulumi.Output.to_string(resource_group.location), "T02:00:00Z" # 2 AM in the time zone of the resource group's location ), time_zone="UTC", # Time zone is set to UTC ) # Now let's create a software update configuration for our VMs software_update_configuration = azure_native.automation.SoftwareUpdateConfigurationByName("ai_software_update_configuration", resource_group_name=resource_group.name, automation_account_name=automation_account.name, update_configuration=azure_native.automation.SoftwareUpdateConfigurationUpdateConfigurationArgs( operating_system="Linux", # Assuming our AI workloads are running on Linux, change this to 'Windows' if otherwise azure_virtual_machines=[ # Your Azure VMs Ids go here # You can either hardcode Azure VM resource IDs or use Pulumi references to dynamically manage them. "/subscriptions/your-subscription-id/resourceGroups/your-resource-group/providers/Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/your-vm-name", # Add more VMs if needed ], duration="PT2H", # 2 hours duration, after which the update deployment is marked as 'Expired' ), schedule_info=azure_native.automation.ScheduleInfoArgs( name=software_update_schedule.name, ), ) # At the end, we'll export the ID of our software update configuration # This can be useful if you have to reference it elsewhere in your infrastructure pulumi.export('software_update_configuration_id', software_update_configuration.id)


    • We start by creating an Azure Resource Group; this is a container that holds related resources for an Azure solution.
    • Next, we define an Automation Account which is where update management, process automation, and configuration features reside.
    • We set up a schedule using the Schedule object that dictates when our patch management should take place.
    • Lastly, the SoftwareUpdateConfigurationByName resource is created to manage patches for your VMs. Within the update_configuration attribute, you must specify your VMs and how long the patching process should take.

    This script will manage patches automatically based on the defined schedule. You would, of course, need to provide the actual resource IDs and adjust the schedule to fit your specific requirements.

    Remember to replace placeholder strings like your-subscription-id, your-resource-group, and your-vm-name with the actual values relevant to your environment. Also, adjust the operating_system and the schedule to match your actual VMs and desired patching schedule.

    This program will set up the patch management structure within Azure. After running it with Pulumi CLI, your VMs identified by their resource IDs will be scheduled for patch management as defined in the software_update_configuration.