1. Centralized Data Lake for AI on AWS S3


    Creating a centralized data lake for AI on AWS involves setting up an Amazon S3 bucket for data storage, along with proper configuration for data governance and access control. You might also want to register this bucket with AWS Lake Formation to manage permissions and prepare the data for analytics and AI services.

    Below is a Pulumi program in Python that sets up a basic centralized data lake using AWS S3 and AWS Lake Formation. The program will do the following:

    1. Create an S3 bucket - This is the primary storage location for your data lake.
    2. Set up bucket encryption - Encrypt data at rest using AWS KMS-managed keys.
    3. Block public access - Secure the bucket by preventing accidental public exposure.
    4. Register the bucket with AWS Lake Formation - Allows the bucket to be part of the data lake and manage access through Lake Formation.

    The following program provides a starting point for setting up your data lake:

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Create an S3 bucket to be used as the data lake storage data_lake_bucket = aws.s3.Bucket("data-lake-bucket", acl="private", # Enabling server-side encryption with an AWS-managed key server_side_encryption_configuration=aws.s3.BucketServerSideEncryptionConfigurationArgs( rule=aws.s3.BucketServerSideEncryptionConfigurationRuleArgs( apply_server_side_encryption_by_default=aws.s3.BucketServerSideEncryptionConfigurationRuleApplyServerSideEncryptionByDefaultArgs( sse_algorithm="AES256" ) ) ), # Block all public access block_public_acls=True, ignore_public_acls=True, block_public_policy=True, restrict_public_buckets=True ) # Use Pulumi to output the name of the bucket pulumi.export("data_lake_bucket_name", data_lake_bucket.id) # Get the current AWS caller identity caller_identity = aws.get_caller_identity() # Register the S3 bucket with AWS Lake Formation data_lake_resource = aws.lakeformation.Resource("data-lake-resource", arn=data_lake_bucket.arn, # ARN (Amazon Resource Name) of the IAM Role with permissions # to access this resource. We're using the account's root role here for simplicity, # but a specific role should be designated in production. role_arn=f"arn:aws:iam::{caller_identity.account_id}:role/aws-service-role/lakeformation.amazonaws.com/AWSServiceRoleForLakeFormationDataAccess" ) # Use Pulumi to output the ARN of the Lake Formation resource pulumi.export("data_lake_resource_arn", data_lake_resource.arn)

    This program creates an S3 bucket with server-side encryption enabled, ensuring that the data within the bucket is encrypted at rest. Public access is blocked on all fronts to secure the data against unauthorized access. The bucket is registered with AWS Lake Formation, which allows you to define fine-grained access control and integrates with other AWS analytics and machine learning services.

    Note that to fully operationalize this data lake, you would need to set up additional configurations such as resource tagging for cost tracking, lifecycle policies for data retention, and possibly cross-region replication if you require geographic redundancy.

    You would also need to configure access permissions and roles correctly in AWS Lake Formation for any AI or analytics services that need to access the data lake. The role used in this example is the AWS account's root role for simplicity, but production environments should utilize the principle of least privilege by assigning only necessary permissions to specific roles or users.

    Ensure your AWS CLI is configured with the necessary credentials and permissions to create and manage these resources before running this Pulumi program. Then execute it with the Pulumi CLI by running pulumi up.