1. Conditional Access Policies for Azure Notebooks


    Conditional Access Policies in Azure are rules that enforce access controls to Azure services based on specific conditions. These policies are an essential part of Azure's security framework, allowing administrators to define and enforce rules that determine under what circumstances access to certain resources is allowed.

    In the context of Azure Notebooks, Conditional Access Policies can be used to control who can access your Jupyter Notebooks hosted on Azure based on various parameters like user roles, locations, device compliance, and more.

    To implement Conditional Access Policies for Azure Notebooks, one commonly used approach is to set up the policies in the Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) because Azure Notebooks are likely to integrate with Azure AD for authentication and authorization. Here, we would use Pulumi's azuread package which provides the ability to create and manage such policies.

    Please note that Pulumi's programming model relies on defining the desired state of resources using code. When the Pulumi program is executed, Pulumi applies these definitions to the target cloud environment, creating, updating, or deleting resources as necessary to match the code's declarations.

    Below you will find a Pulumi program in Python that sets up a basic Conditional Access Policy for Azure Notebooks using the Azure AD provider. This program defines a policy that might, for example, only allow access to the notebooks from certain user roles or from specific locations. Please adjust the properties according to your organization's requirements.

    import pulumi import pulumi_azuread as azuread # Define a new Conditional Access Policy conditional_access_policy = azuread.ConditionalAccessPolicy("notebooksPolicy", state="enabled", conditions=azuread.ConditionalAccessPolicyConditionsArgs( users=azuread.ConditionalAccessPolicyConditionsUsersArgs( included_users=["user1@example.com", "user2@example.com"], included_groups=["group-id-of-notebook-users"], excluded_users=["excluded-user@example.com"], ), applications=azuread.ConditionalAccessPolicyConditionsApplicationsArgs( included_applications=["All"], # This could be a specific list of applications if needed ), client_app_types=["browser", "mobileAppsAndDesktopClients"], ), grant_controls=azuread.ConditionalAccessPolicyGrantControlsArgs( operator="OR", built_in_controls=["block"] ), displayName="AzureNotebooksAccessPolicy", # More conditions and settings can be added here as needed ) # Export the ID of the Conditional Access Policy pulumi.export("policy_id", conditional_access_policy.id)

    Let's dissect this program:

    • We import Pulumi modules at the top, pulumi for standard functions and pulumi_azuread for Azure AD specific resources.

    • We define a new resource of type ConditionalAccessPolicy, which represents a Conditional Access Policy in Azure AD with the name notebooksPolicy. This is the policy we'll configure to control access to our Azure Notebooks.

    • Inside the ConditionalAccessPolicy resource, state is set to "enabled", making the policy active once applied.

    • The conditions block specifies which users, groups, and applications this policy applies to. In this case, we've included certain users and groups and excluded a user. The client_app_types array specifies the types of client apps that the policy applies to; here, we include browser-based access and access from mobile and desktop apps.

    • The grant_controls block defines what happens when the condition is met; in this example, it is set to "block" access (built_in_controls), although you could specify other controls like "grant" with multi-factor authentication or other conditions.

    • The display name AzureNotebooksAccessPolicy is a friendly name for the policy.

    • Finally, we use pulumi.export to output the ID of the conditional access policy, which can be useful for reference or integration with other tooling.

    Please ensure you have the pulumi_azuread provider installed and configured for this code to execute successfully. The Pulumi CLI will handle the application of your program to your Azure environment, respecting the authentication details you've configured it with.

    Remember to customize the included and excluded users, groups, and applications to match the actual entities in your organization before running the script. Additionally, you may need to enhance the conditions based on specific policies you want to apply to your Azure Notebooks environment.