1. Setting Performance Thresholds for AI Systems


    When setting performance thresholds for AI systems using Pulumi, it generally involves integrating with monitoring solutions available in the cloud services or third-party providers such as New Relic, Dynatrace, or Azure Application Insights.

    For example, you might want to monitor the performance of an AI-powered application by setting up alerts based on an application's Apdex score (a measure of response time based on user satisfaction) or by tracking the error rate and response time of a web application. You can use these metrics to define thresholds that, when crossed, trigger alerts. This can help you maintain the AI application's performance at the desired level by allowing you to respond quickly to potential issues.

    I will demonstrate how to set up performance thresholds for an AI system by using resources from the Pulumi New Relic provider. The provider enables you to configure various alert conditions and policies, which can help in keeping track of the performance and availability of your AI applications.

    Here's a Pulumi program written in Python that uses the New Relic provider to create an alert policy and set an Apdex performance threshold on one of your applications. We are creating an alert condition for application performance which specifies the Apdex threshold triggering an alert.

    Please make sure you have New Relic provider configured with the appropriate API keys before running this code.

    import pulumi import pulumi_newrelic as newrelic # Create a New Relic alert policy for your AI application alert_policy = newrelic.AlertPolicy("ai-app-alert-policy", name="AI App Policy") # Assume 'application_id' corresponds to your New Relic application ID # This could be fetched dynamically based on tags or environment. application_id = 'your-app-id' # Create an alert condition with an Apdex threshold. # The Apdex score is a measure of application responsiveness and user satisfaction. # Here 'critical' and 'warning' thresholds can be set to define when an incident is created. apdex_alert_condition = newrelic.AlertCondition("apdex-alert-condition", policy_id=alert_policy.id, name="Apdex Score Alert", type="apm_app_metric", entities=[application_id], metric="apdex", condition_scope="application", user_defined=pulumi.newrelic.inputs.AlertConditionUserDefinedArgs( metric="apdex", value_function="apdex" ), terms=[pulumi.newrelic.inputs.AlertConditionTermArgs( duration=5, operator="below", priority="critical", threshold=0.5, time_function="all" ), pulumi.newrelic.inputs.AlertConditionTermArgs( duration=5, operator="below", priority="warning", threshold=0.7, time_function="all" )], runbook_url="https://example-runbook-url.com/response-procedures/ai-app-performance-issue" # The runbook URL is where you can put instructions for responding to the alert. ) # Export the alert policy and condition's IDs pulumi.export("alert_policy_id", alert_policy.id) pulumi.export("apdex_alert_condition_id", apdex_alert_condition.id)

    In this program:

    • An alert policy is created that groups together one or more alert conditions.
    • An Apdex alert condition is configured under the previously created policy. This condition tracks the Apdex score, which measures user satisfaction with response times: usually, a score below 0.5 indicates dissatisfied users, and 0.7 to 0.85 indicates tolerating users. Above that, scores represent satisfied users.
    • The 'terms' argument specifies the logic for when an alert should be triggered. For example, if the Apdex score goes below 0.5 for a sustained duration of 5 minutes, a critical incident will be raised. If the Apdex score goes below 0.7, a warning incident occurs.
    • You also specify a runbook URL with runbook_url. It can be a link to a procedure for dealing with performance issues that the alert identifies.

    This is just one way that systems can be monitored and managed using Pulumi with New Relic. Depending on the cloud provider and monitoring platform, different resources and configurations would be needed. Pulumi provides a broad range of integration with different providers allowing similar implementations across different services.