1. Centralized AI Model Governance with AWS Organizations


    Centralized AI model governance is crucial for maintaining consistency, compliance, and to manage resources effectively across an organization. AWS Organizations is a cloud service that allows you to consolidate and centrally manage multiple AWS accounts. With AWS Organizations, you can apply policies and automate account creation, which helps in the governance of AI models that may span across several AWS accounts.

    To set up centralized AI model governance using AWS Organizations with Pulumi, you'd typically need to:

    1. Create or manage an Organization: This represents the collection of AWS accounts that you want to govern. An AWS Organization allows for the management of policies, consolidated billing, and account structure (like creating Organizational Units for grouping similar accounts).

    2. Apply Service Control Policies (SCPs): These are akin to permissions that allow you to define the maximum permissions for member accounts. When you apply SCPs across the organization, you can control the AWS services and actions members can use, ensuring that all AI model deployments are in compliance with the defined policies.

    3. Use Organizational Units (OUs): Organizational Units help in grouping AWS accounts that have similar needs or that require similar governance policies. For instance, all accounts related to AI model development can be grouped under one OU, whereas accounts for production models can be grouped under another.

    4. Automate account creation and management: As your organization grows, you may need to programmatically create and manage accounts to scale the AI governance model easily.

    To illustrate this process, I'll provide a Pulumi Python program that creates an organization, an OU, and applies a policy to that OU. This setup could be part of your centralized AI model governance system.

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Create an AWS Organization to centrally manage governance organization = aws.organizations.Organization("my-organization", feature_set="ALL", # Use "ALL" features - this includes SCPs amongst other things ) # Create an Organizational Unit (OU) for AI Model Development ai_model_dev_ou = aws.organizations.OrganizationalUnit("aiModelDevOU", parent_id=organization.roots[0].id, # Attach this OU directly under the organization's root name="AIModelDevelopment", ) # SCP that outlines permitted actions within the AI Model Development OU ai_model_dev_policy = aws.organizations.Policy("aiModelDevPolicy", content="""{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "sagemaker:*", # Allow all Amazon SageMaker actions "lambda:*", # Allow all AWS Lambda actions "s3:*" # Allow all Amazon S3 actions ], "Resource": "*" } }""", description="Policy to govern AI Model Development", type="SERVICE_CONTROL_POLICY", ) # Attach the AI Model Development Policy to the AI Model Development OU ai_model_dev_policy_attachment = aws.organizations.PolicyAttachment("aiModelDevPolicyAttachment", policy_id=ai_model_dev_policy.id, target_id=ai_model_dev_ou.id, ) # Export the IDs of the resources created pulumi.export("organization_id", organization.id) pulumi.export("ai_model_dev_ou_id", ai_model_dev_ou.id) pulumi.export("ai_model_dev_policy_id", ai_model_dev_policy.id)

    In this program, the aws.organizations.Organization resource is used to create a new AWS Organization. The aws.organizations.OrganizationalUnit resource creates a new OU dedicated to AI model development. The aws.organizations.Policy resource defines a Service Control Policy that specifies which AWS services and actions are permitted within the OU, in this case specifically allowing actions related to Amazon SageMaker, AWS Lambda, and Amazon S3. Finally, the aws.organizations.PolicyAttachment resource attaches the policy to the OU.

    By maintaining such a structure, you can ensure that AI model governance is centralized, with specific policies applied consistently across all AWS accounts. This setup helps enforce best practices, compliance requirements, and cost management throughout your organization.

    Make sure to replace "my-organization" with your organization's name and adjust policy content per your organization’s governance needs. You would need sufficient permissions to manage AWS Organizations and resources mentioned in the Pulumi program. After defining your Pulumi program, you can deploy it using the Pulumi CLI, and it will provision the resources in AWS according to your specifications.