1. Relational Data Storage for Machine Learning with AWS RDS


    Building a relational data storage for Machine Learning (ML) on AWS involves a few steps. We will be using Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS), which simplifies the setup, operation, and scaling of a relational database in the cloud. RDS supports several database engines, such as PostgreSQL, MySQL, MariaDB, Oracle, and Microsoft SQL Server. For ML purposes, PostgreSQL is often a good choice due to its strong support for advanced data types and its extensibility with extensions like PostGIS for geospatial data or Madlib for in-database analytics.

    In the following Pulumi Python program, we will create an RDS instance running PostgreSQL. Please note that for a production environment, you would need to consider additional aspects such as High Availability (multi-AZ setup), proper backup policies, security (using VPCs, security groups, KMS for encryption, etc.), and appropriate instance sizing.

    Here's what the program will do:

    • Provision an RDS instance with PostgreSQL engine.
    • Set up networking resources required for the RDS instance, such as a subnet group and security group to control access.
    • Output the RDS instance's endpoint to be used for connecting from your ML applications.

    Pulumi Python Program for AWS RDS PostgreSQL Instance

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Create a new security group for the RDS instance to control who can access it security_group = aws.ec2.SecurityGroup('rds-sec-group', description='Enable access to RDS PostgreSQL instance', ingress=[ # The typical port for PostgreSQL is 5432. # Ensure your security posture by restricting access to a specific IP range or using stricter rules. # For instance, you could use security group rules to allow only your application servers to connect. aws.ec2.SecurityGroupIngressArgs(from_port=5432, to_port=5432, protocol='tcp', cidr_blocks=['']) ]) # Create a subnet group for the RDS instance # Best practice is to have subnets in at least two Availability Zones for redundancy. subnet_group = aws.rds.SubnetGroup('rds-subnet-group', subnet_ids=[# Replace these with your actual subnet IDs 'subnet-XXXXXXXX', 'subnet-YYYYYYYY', ]) # Provision an RDS instance rds_instance = aws.rds.Instance('rds-instance', # Choose an instance size appropriate for your use case instance_class='db.t2.micro', allocated_storage=20, # Specify the allocated storage size in GB engine='postgres', engine_version='13.2', # Specify the desired PostgreSQL engine version name='mydbname', # Your database name username='mydbuser', # Master username for the database password='mydbpassword!', parameter_group_name='default.postgres13', db_subnet_group_name=subnet_group.name, vpc_security_group_ids=[security_group.id], skip_final_snapshot=True, # For a production deployment, you would want to take a final snapshot ) # Export the RDS instance endpoint to access the database pulumi.export('rds_instance_endpoint', rds_instance.endpoint)

    Please ensure you replace the placeholder values such as subnet IDs with actual values from your setup. The example above also assumes that your Pulumi stack configuration and AWS credentials are properly set up.

    Keep in mind that some fields like the master password should be treated securely and should preferably be managed by a secrets manager and/or configured via Pulumi Config in a secure manner. The ingress rule in the security group is set to open from all IPs for illustrative purposes. In a real-world scenario, you'd restrict this to known IPs that require database access.