1. Scheduler for Periodic AI Model Retraining on AWS


    To implement a scheduler for periodic AI model retraining on AWS using Pulumi, you will need to set up a series of resources that work together to automate the process. AWS SageMaker is the primary service used for machine learning tasks, and you can use the SageMaker MonitoringSchedule resource to create a schedule for continuous monitoring and periodic retraining of your machine learning models.

    Here's a detailed breakdown of the steps we'll follow in the Pulumi program:

    1. Import the required Pulumi AWS SDK modules.
    2. Define a SageMaker Model. In a real-world scenario, you would have a pre-existing model trained with data.
    3. Define a SageMaker Endpoint Configuration to deploy the model.
    4. Create a SageMaker Endpoint where the model will be deployed for real-time predictions.
    5. Define a SageMaker Monitoring Schedule, which includes the specification for the retraining job and the schedule on which it should run.

    Please note that before running the following Pulumi program, you must have AWS credentials configured for Pulumi and have the appropriate permissions to create the specified resources.

    Here is a Pulumi program written in Python that sets up a scheduled AI model retraining workflow on AWS:

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # In a real-world use case, you might already have a model trained. This is a placeholder # for the model that you want to continuously retrain. # Here, you would define how your SageMaker model is configured. sagemaker_model = aws.sagemaker.Model("aiModel", execution_role_arn="arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/SageMakerRole", # Replace with your SageMaker role ARN primary_container={ "image": "382416733822.dkr.ecr.us-west-2.amazonaws.com/linear-learner:1", # Example image "model_data_url": "s3://my-bucket/my-model/model.tar.gz", # Replace with the S3 URL of your model data } ) # Endpoint configuration for deploying the model. sagemaker_endpoint_config = aws.sagemaker.EndpointConfiguration("aiModelEndpointConfig", production_variants=[{ "instance_type": "ml.t2.medium", "initial_instance_count": 1, "modelName": sagemaker_model.name, "variantName": "AllTraffic", }] ) # Deploying the model to an endpoint for real-time predictions. sagemaker_endpoint = aws.sagemaker.Endpoint("aiModelEndpoint", endpoint_config_name=sagemaker_endpoint_config.name ) # SageMaker Monitoring Schedule for periodic retraining. # You would adjust the schedule expression as needed based on your retraining frequency requirements. sagemaker_monitoring_schedule = aws.sagemaker.MonitoringSchedule("aiModelMonitoringSchedule", monitoring_schedule_name="Periodic-Retraining-Schedule", monitoring_schedule_config={ "monitoring_type": "DataQuality", # You can also have other types like ModelQuality, ModelBias, etc. "schedule_config": { "schedule_expression": "cron(0 4 ? * SUN *)" # For example, this runs every Sunday at 4am. }, "monitoring_job_definition_name": sagemaker_model.name, } ) # Export the endpoint URL so you can easily access it. pulumi.export("endpoint_url", sagemaker_endpoint.endpoint_url)

    This program starts by defining the required SageMaker model, endpoint configuration, and the actual endpoint. Then it sets up a monitoring schedule that runs as per the specified cron schedule expression to retrain the model.

    Given that this is a high-level view, you might need to adjust the specifics of the model and monitoring job definition based on your actual use case, such as training scripts, input data, instance types, and schedule frequency. The endpoint URL is exported so you can interact with your deployed model for real-time predictions.

    Remember to replace the placeholders, such as the execution role ARN, the ECR image, and the S3 model data URL, with your actual information. The role should have the necessary permissions to access SageMaker and other AWS resources.

    Please verify that all resources fit together seamlessly and tailor the specifics, such as IAM roles and resource configurations, to your actual infrastructure and security requirements.