1. On-Demand APIs for AI Applications with AWS Lambda Function URLs


    To create on-demand APIs for AI applications on AWS with Lambda Function URLs, we will use AWS Lambda to run our code and Lambda Function URLs to expose that code as an API. AWS Lambda is a serverless computing service that allows you to run code without provisioning or managing servers. Lambda Function URLs provide a dedicated HTTP(S) endpoint for your Lambda function, making it easy to build webhooks and other web services.

    Below is a Pulumi program written in Python that will create an AWS Lambda function, which can be invoked by a dedicated HTTPS endpoint provided by the Lambda Function URL feature. This setup is ideal for AI applications that require on-demand, scalable, and event-driven execution.

    Here's how to set it up:

    1. Define the Lambda function, including the runtime environment, handler, and the function's code.
    2. Set up the Lambda Function URL, defining the authorization type (for example, using AWS_IAM or NONE) and the CORS configuration if needed.

    In this example, the Lambda function's code is packaged as a ZIP file (my_lambda_function.zip) that contains all the necessary dependencies and application logic. The file needs to be created and placed in the Pulumi project directory prior to running the pulumi up command.

    Let's dive into the code:

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Create an IAM role that the Lambda function will assume lambda_role = aws.iam.Role("lambdaRole", assume_role_policy="""{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{ "Action": "sts:AssumeRole", "Principal": { "Service": "lambda.amazonaws.com" }, "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "" }] }""" ) # Attach the AWSLambdaBasicExecutionRole policy to the Lambda role created above role_policy_attachment = aws.iam.RolePolicyAttachment("lambdaRoleAttachment", role=lambda_role.name, policy_arn="arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/service-role/AWSLambdaBasicExecutionRole" ) # Define the Lambda function lambda_function = aws.lambda_.Function("myLambdaFunction", code=pulumi.FileArchive("my_lambda_function.zip"), # Code should be packaged into a ZIP file handler="index.handler", # Update this to the handler path in your package role=lambda_role.arn, # Using the role created above runtime="python3.8", # Choose an appropriate runtime for your application # You can define environment variables here if required # environment={ # "variables": { # "MY_ENV_VARIABLE": "my-value" # } # } ) # Configure Lambda Function URL for the Lambda function function_url = aws.lambda_.FunctionUrl("myLambdaFunctionUrl", function_name=lambda_function.name, # Link to our Lambda function authorization_type="NONE", # Publicly accessible; for production, consider using AWS_IAM cors={ "allow_methods": ["GET", "POST"], # Set allowed HTTP methods "allow_origins": ["*"], # Set allowed origins, adjust as needed # You can add other CORS config if needed } ) # Export the Lambda Function URL which can be used to invoke the function pulumi.export("lambda_function_url", function_url.function_url)

    In the example above, we start by creating an IAM role for the Lambda function, which is a prerequisite for the function to be able to execute and interact with other AWS services securely. We attach the AWSLambdaBasicExecutionRole policy to the role to allow our function to write logs to Amazon CloudWatch.

    Next, we define the Lambda function itself. The code parameter specifies the path to the ZIP file package.

    Lastly, we create a FunctionUrl resource associated with our Lambda, specifying an authorization_type of "NONE", which means it will be publicly accessible without any IAM permissions. For a production environment, it's recommended to use "AWS_IAM" for authentication and access configuration. The CORS settings are also specified, allowing for flexibility depending on the requirements of our AI application's consumers.

    The endpoint (Function URL) that the program exports can then be used to invoke the Lambda function. This workflow enables our AI application to process data on-demand through a simple HTTPS request, scaling automatically in response to the incoming traffic.