1. AI Model Training Job Scheduling with Azure Service Bus Rules


    In Azure, you can set up AI model training jobs that can be scheduled and managed using Azure Machine Learning Service. However, sometimes you may want to use Azure Service Bus to create a pub/sub (publisher/subscriber) mechanism that allows your AI jobs to be triggered based on specific events or messages. This is particularly useful when you have multiple training jobs or multiple steps within a training pipeline that need to be coordinated asynchronously.

    To do this, you would typically have a setup similar to the following:

    1. Azure Service Bus: Use this to create Topics and Subscriptions for messaging. Define rules on a subscription to filter messages so that only certain messages will trigger the training job. These rules can be based on the content of the messages using SQL-like syntax.

    2. Azure Machine Learning Service: Define the model training jobs here. A "Job" can be considered a task for training a machine learning model.

    3. Azure Functions or Azure Logic Apps: These can be used to respond to incoming messages that meet your Service Bus subscription rules and trigger the execution of an Azure Machine Learning job.

    4. Azure Service Bus Rules: Rules are associated with a subscription and determine what action to take (like writing to a log, triggering an Azure Function, etc.) when a message arrives that matches the subscription's criteria.

    To demonstrate, let's write a Pulumi program that sets up an Azure Service Bus Rule to filter messages, which could then be used to trigger an Azure Machine Learning job. We'll focus on the infrastructure needed to set up these rules but won't implement the actual job execution, as that goes beyond the scope of infrastructure as code and is typically handled by the application logic or a service like Azure Functions.

    Here's how you would set this up using Pulumi in Python:

    import pulumi import pulumi_azure_native as azure_native # Configuration for Azure Resource Group resource_group = azure_native.resources.ResourceGroup("resource_group") # Configuration for Azure Service Bus Namespace service_bus_namespace = azure_native.servicebus.Namespace( "service_bus_namespace", resource_group_name=resource_group.name, location=resource_group.location, sku=azure_native.servicebus.SkuArgs( name=azure_native.servicebus.SkuName.STANDARD ) ) # Configuration for Azure Service Bus Topic service_bus_topic = azure_native.servicebus.Topic( "service_bus_topic", resource_group_name=resource_group.name, namespace_name=service_bus_namespace.name ) # Configuration for Azure Service Bus Subscription service_bus_subscription = azure_native.servicebus.Subscription( "service_bus_subscription", resource_group_name=resource_group.name, namespace_name=service_bus_namespace.name, topic_name=service_bus_topic.name ) # Configuration for the rule that filters messages based on a custom property service_bus_rule = azure_native.servicebus.Rule( "service_bus_rule", resource_group_name=resource_group.name, namespace_name=service_bus_namespace.name, topic_name=service_bus_topic.name, subscription_name=service_bus_subscription.name, filter_type="SqlFilter", # Using SQLFilter for message SQL-like filtering sql_filter=azure_native.servicebus.SqlFilterArgs( sql_expression="user.property = 'trigger_model_training'" # Example filter condition ) ) # Export the primary connection string of the Service Bus Namespace primary_connection_string = pulumi.Output.all(resource_group.name, service_bus_namespace.name).apply( lambda args: azure_native.servicebus.list_namespace_keys(ListNamespaceKeysArgs( resource_group_name=args[0], namespace_name=args[1], authorization_rule_name="RootManageSharedAccessKey" )) ).apply(lambda list_keys: list_keys.primary_connection_string) pulumi.export('PrimaryConnectionString', primary_connection_string)

    In this program, we're doing the following:

    1. We set up an Azure Resource Group as a container for all our resources.
    2. We then create a Service Bus Namespace, which is a container for message brokering with queues and topics.
    3. We define a Topic within the Namespace which acts as a message category that messages are published to.
    4. We create a Subscription to the Topic for a receiver to receive only the messages it's interested in.
    5. With the Rule, we are specifying a SqlFilter which says that the Service Bus should only pass on messages which have a property value that equals 'trigger_model_training'. This is a simplistic example and your actual filter could be much more complex.
    6. Finally, we are exporting the primary connection string of the Service Bus Namespace which could be used by our application code to interact with the Service Bus.

    Remember, the AI model training itself would be set up in the Azure Machine Learning workspace and would require additional code – probably inside an Azure Function or Logic App – to start the job based on the rules and messages from the Service Bus. The focus here is on the infrastructure setup using Pulumi to support this process.