1. Integrating Machine Learning Services with AWS AppSync


    AWS AppSync is a managed serverless GraphQL service that simplifies application development by allowing you to create a flexible API to securely access, manipulate, and combine data from one or more data sources. When integrating AWS Machine Learning services with AppSync, you typically expose the ML capabilities to your GraphQL schema, allowing clients to interact with these services indirectly via API calls.

    In the context of AWS, you might be using services like Amazon SageMaker, AWS Lambda functions that trigger ML models, or any other AWS service that interacts with Machine Learning. Here, I will provide you with a basic Pulumi program that sets up an AWS AppSync GraphQL API with a data source and resolver that can be used to interact with a Machine Learning service through AWS Lambda.

    The program will include:

    • A GraphQL API created with aws.appsync.GraphQLApi.
    • A Lambda function as a data source for the API with aws.appsync.DataSource.
    • A resolver to attach a GraphQL operation (like a query or mutation) to the Lambda data source with aws.appsync.Resolver.
    • Assuming the AWS Lambda function already invokes the AWS ML service or operates as a part of a Machine Learning workflow.

    Let's write a Pulumi program to achieve this:

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Create an AWS AppSync GraphQL API appsync_api = aws.appsync.GraphQLApi("mlAppsyncApi", authentication_type="API_KEY", # You can choose other authentication types like AMAZON_COGNITO_USER_POOLS, AWS_IAM, etc. schema=""" type Query { predictImageLabel(image: String!): String } schema { query: Query } """, name="MLAppsyncService" ) # Define the AWS Lambda function that integrates with the ML service, assumed to be already created. ml_lambda_function = aws.lambda_.Function.get("mlLambdaFunction", "my-ml-lambda-function") # Set up the AppSync data source with AWS Lambda data_source = aws.appsync.DataSource("mlLambdaDataSource", api_id=appsync_api.id, name="MLLambdaDataSource", type="AWS_LAMBDA", lambda_config=aws.appsync.DataSourceLambdaConfigArgs( function_arn=ml_lambda_function.arn ), service_role_arn="arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/AppSyncServiceRole" # Replace with the ARN of the IAM role that AppSync uses to interact with other services on your behalf. ) # Create a resolver for the query to use the Lambda data source resolver = aws.appsync.Resolver("predictImageLabelResolver", api_id=appsync_api.id, type="Query", field="predictImageLabel", data_source=data_source.name, request_template="""{ "version": "2018-05-29", "operation": "Invoke", "payload": { "image": $util.toJson($context.arguments.image) } }""", response_template="$util.toJson($context.result)" ) # Output the GraphQL API URL and ARN pulumi.export('appsync_api_url', appsync_api.uris["GRAPHQL"]) pulumi.export('appsync_api_arn', appsync_api.arn)


    1. GraphQL API: We create a GraphQL API with aws.appsync.GraphQLApi. The authentication_type is set to "API_KEY" for simplicity, but you might want to use a more secure authentication mechanism like Cognito User Pools or IAM in production.

    2. Schema: The schema defines a simple query predictImageLabel, which takes an image argument and returns a String. This is a stand-in for an actual Machine Learning model invocation which would process the image and return a label or prediction.

    3. Lambda Function: We retrieve an existing AWS Lambda function by using aws.lambda_.Function.get. This Lambda function is assumed to integrate with a Machine Learning service or perform a prediction task.

    4. Data Source: The aws.appsync.DataSource defines the AWS Lambda function as a data source for AppSync, allowing AppSync to invoke the function in response to GraphQL queries.

    5. Resolver: We attach the aws.appsync.Resolver to the predictImageLabel field of our query. It determines what action is taken when the query is called. The request and response templates are used to format the input and output of the resolver to correspond with the GraphQL schema and the Lambda function's expected input/output.

    6. Output: We export two items, the URL of the AppSync GraphQL endpoint, which you can use to run queries against your API, and the ARN of the API for reference or integration with other AWS services.

    This Pulumi program sets up the necessary AWS AppSync and AWS Lambda configuration to allow for an integration point with an AWS Machine Learning service. From here, you can extend the schema with additional queries or mutations as needed, and adjust the Lambda function to perform the necessary ML operations.