1. Machine Learning Enhanced Search with AWS OpenSearch


    AWS OpenSearch is a fully managed service that makes it easy to deploy, secure, and run OpenSearch cost-effectively at scale. It provides you with the foundation for building applications that require complex search features backed by the power of machine learning (ML) to enhance search capabilities, improve data analysis, and provide more relevant results.

    To set up a machine learning-enhanced search platform using AWS OpenSearch, you'd typically need to:

    1. Create an AWS OpenSearch domain, which is the underlying search and analytics engine.
    2. Configure access policies to control the domains.
    3. Set up a VPC endpoint if you want your domain to be within a VPC for security or other reasons.
    4. Integrate the domain with ML tools provided by AWS, such as Amazon SageMaker, for enhanced search functionality.

    Here is a Pulumi program in Python that creates an AWS OpenSearch domain with the essential configurations. Note that this does not cover the full spectrum of machine learning integration, but it will get your OpenSearch domain up and running:

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Create an AWS OpenSearch domain opensearch_domain = aws.opensearch.Domain("mlEnhancedSearchDomain", # Replace with your desired domain name domain_name="my-ml-search-domain", engine_version="OpenSearch_1.0", cluster_config=aws.opensearch.DomainClusterConfigArgs( instance_type="m5.large.search", # choose instance size based on your needs instance_count=2, # specify the number of instances ), ebs_options=aws.opensearch.DomainEbsOptionsArgs( ebs_enabled=True, volume_size=10, # in GB ), node_to_node_encryption=aws.opensearch.DomainNodeToNodeEncryptionArgs( enabled=True, ), encrypt_at_rest=aws.opensearch.DomainEncryptAtRestArgs( enabled=True, # this will encrypt your data at rest ), advanced_security_options=aws.opensearch.DomainAdvancedSecurityOptionsArgs( enabled=True, internal_user_database_enabled=True, # manage your own internal users master_user_options=aws.opensearch.DomainAdvancedSecurityOptionsMasterUserOptionsArgs( master_user_name="masterUsername", # Replace with your username master_user_password="MasterUserPassword123!", # Replace with your password ), ), # Set up access policies - here we're allowing open access, but you should restrict it as needed access_policies=pulumi.Output.all(opensearch_domain.arn).apply(lambda args: f''' {{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ {{ "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": {{ "AWS": "*" }}, "Action": "es:*", "Resource": "{args[0]}/*" }} ] }} '''), ) # Export relevant values for external access and reference pulumi.export("domain_endpoint", opensearch_domain.endpoint) pulumi.export("domain_name", opensearch_domain.domain_name)

    This program sets up a basic OpenSearch domain. A domain is like a cluster that provides the OpenSearch functionality. The cluster_config allows you to specify the type and number of instances you need. The ebs_options are for the attached storage configurations, and encryption is enabled to ensure data security both in-transit and at rest with node_to_node_encryption and encrypt_at_rest.

    The access policies specified here are very permissive, using a wildcard for the principal and allowing all actions. In a real-world scenario, you would want to lock this down according to your security requirements.

    The exported domain_endpoint is the URL through which you can interact with your OpenSearch domain via various clients or the AWS SDKs.

    The Machine Learning components would need to be configured additionally depending on the requirements of the application, such as anomaly detection or natural language processing. Those configurations are not shown here but could involve linking up Amazon SageMaker or other AWS machine learning services with your OpenSearch domain.

    Remember to replace the placeholders like master_user_name, master_user_password, and domain names with your actual desired values. Additionally, this configuration is for starting out; based on your needs, you might need different instance types, counts, or more advanced configurations.