1. Caching dependencies using GitLab's distributed cache


    To leverage GitLab's distributed cache for caching dependencies, you'll want to define a CI/CD pipeline configuration in your .gitlab-ci.yml file and utilize the caching configuration options to specify which files or directories to cache across pipeline runs. GitLab's distributed cache is not something that can be set up with Pulumi directly, as it's a feature built into GitLab CI/CD, not a cloud resource. However, you can manage GitLab projects and other resources within GitLab using the GitLab provider for Pulumi.

    Caching in GitLab CI/CD works by storing a cache on a key that can be shared between different jobs or even different pipelines. This is useful in scenarios where downloading dependencies takes significant time, and can help reduce the duration of pipeline jobs. Here's how you would typically define a caching strategy in your .gitlab-ci.yml:

    1. Define Cache Key: A cache key is vital in identifying which cache to use and when to invalidate the cache. GitLab enables the definition of static keys or dynamic ones using variables.
    2. Define Paths: Specify paths you wish to cache. The absolute path or relative path in the project can be used.
    3. Define Policy: The policy determines when to save the cache (on success, on failure, or always).

    Below is a simple illustration of how you can set up caching for a Node.js project's node_modules directory in .gitlab-ci.yml:

    image: node:latest cache: key: ${CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG} paths: - node_modules/ stages: - build - test build-job: stage: build script: - npm install - npm run build test-job: stage: test script: - npm test

    In this example, key is dynamically generated based on the CI commit reference slug, ensuring the cache is unique to the branch. The paths specifies node_modules/, which is the directory where Node.js dependencies are installed and what we want to cache.

    Now, if you were managing a GitLab project with Pulumi and wanted to include CI/CD pipeline definitions as part of your GitLab projects' infrastructure as code, you could use the gitlab.Project resource type. This doesn't set up the cache itself, but rather manages the GitLab project configurations, where you can include your .gitlab-ci.yml.

    Here's a minimal TypeScript Pulumi program demonstrating how to define a GitLab project:

    import * as pulumi from "@pulumi/pulumi"; import * as gitlab from "@pulumi/gitlab"; const project = new gitlab.Project("demo-project", { name: "demo-project", visibilityLevel: "public", }); export const projectId = project.id;

    This code defines a new public GitLab project named demo-project. Remember to replace "demo-project" with your desired project name and adjust visibility as needed.

    Note you would still need to create your .gitlab-ci.yml file manually and commit it to your GitLab repository for the CI/CD pipeline and its cache to take effect. The gitlab.Project resource in Pulumi is for infrastructure management and doesn't handle files within your repository.

    For managing GitLab resources, you should check out the official GitLab provider documentation for a comprehensive list of the resources and properties available.