1. SSH Keys for Secure Git Operations in MLOps


    SSH keys are a way to establish a secure and encrypted connection between your machine and a remote server, such as a Git repository. In the context of MLOps, or Machine Learning Operations, SSH keys are often used to securely clone and manage code repositories that contain machine learning models, data processing scripts, and other relevant code.

    In Pulumi, you can manage SSH keys for various cloud providers and services like GitLab, GitHub, and cloud VMs using respective Pulumi providers. For the purpose of this explanation, let's assume you want to automate the management of SSH keys for secure Git operations, and you have chosen GitHub and GitLab as your repository hosting services. We will also explore managing SSH keys for a cloud VM in Google Cloud Platform.

    Here's how you would create SSH keys and attach them to the respective services using Pulumi's GitHub, GitLab, and Google Cloud (GCP) providers:

    1. GitHub: Using the pulumi_github provider, you can create an SSH key and add it to your GitHub account, enabling secure operations with repositories.
    2. GitLab: With the pulumi_gitlab provider, similarly, you can manage SSH keys in your GitLab account.
    3. Google Cloud VM: If your MLOps setup uses Google Cloud Platform, you can manage SSH keys for VM access with the pulumi_gcp provider. This allows you to have secure SSH access to instances where you might be running your training jobs or MLOps tasks.

    These keys are typically created offline and provided to Pulumi as raw strings (the public key) or stored and managed as secrets if they are private keys.

    Here is a Pulumi Python program that demonstrates how you could set this up. In this example, we will create SSH keys for both GitHub and GitLab accounts, as well as set an SSH key for a Google Cloud Platform VM:

    import pulumi import pulumi_github as github import pulumi_gitlab as gitlab import pulumi_gcp as gcp # This is your public SSH key. This might be read from a file or configured # through Pulumi config in a real-world scenario. Replace with your actual SSH key. ssh_public_key = "ssh-rsa AAAAB3Nz..." # GitHub SSH Key github_ssh_key = github.UserSshKey("my-github-ssh-key", key=ssh_public_key, title="My GitHub SSH key" ) # GitLab SSH Key # For GitLab, you need to provide a user ID. This is typically an integer value # that represents your GitLab user. Replace `user_id` with your actual GitLab user ID. gitlab_ssh_key = gitlab.UserSshKey("my-gitlab-ssh-key", key=ssh_public_key, title="My GitLab SSH key", user_id=42 # Replace with your actual GitLab user ID ) # Google Cloud VM SSH Key # Here we are setting a project-level metadata entry for SSH keys, which means # any VM instance in this project will have this SSH key installed. You may need # additional setup for specific instances if you have more granular requirements. gcp_project_ssh_key = gcp.compute.ProjectMetadata("my-gcp-vm-ssh-key-metadata", metadata={ "ssh-keys": f"example-user:{ssh_public_key}" } ) # Exporting the GitHub SSH key ID and GitLab SSH key ID for reference pulumi.export("github_ssh_key_id", github_ssh_key.id) pulumi.export("gitlab_ssh_key_id", gitlab_ssh_key.id)

    In this program:

    • We use the pulumi_github provider to create a new SSH key associated with a GitHub account.
    • We perform a similar action using the pulumi_gitlab provider for a GitLab account. Note that GitLab requires you to provide a specific user ID in addition to the key and title.
    • We are also setting an SSH key at the project level in GCP using pulumi_gcp. This means that any VM created within this GCP project will have the SSH key installed and allow for SSH access.

    With these resources in place, your MLOps pipelines and related operations will have secure connections to source control and computing resources within your cloud environment.

    Keep in mind that for this to work, you need to replace placeholders like ssh_public_key and the user IDs with your actual keys and identities. In a real-world scenario, you should handle such sensitive information securely, possibly using Pulumi's built-in secrets handling capabilities or another secure storage method.