1. Secure Sagemaker Environments with IAM Service-Linked Roles


    To secure Amazon Sagemaker environments using Identity and Access Management (IAM) Service-Linked Roles, we'll create a robust Pulumi program in Python. Service-Linked Roles are a special type of IAM role that link directly to an AWS service. They are predefined by the service and include all the permissions that the service requires to call other AWS services on your behalf.

    In Sagemaker, Service-Linked Roles enable AWS SageMaker to perform tasks on your behalf, like creating necessary resources (EC2 instances, EBS volumes, etc.) and managing them. Using Service-Linked Roles is a best practice for securing and delegating permissions that services need to work on AWS resources.

    Here's a step-by-step guide on how we'll proceed:

    1. Use the aws.iam.ServiceLinkedRole resource to create the Service-Linked Role for AWS SageMaker.
    2. Define any tags or other optional properties for the role.
    3. Ensure the AWS service name is correctly specified for SageMaker.

    Below is the Pulumi program in Python that accomplishes these steps:

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Create an IAM Service Linked Role for Amazon SageMaker. # This role allows SageMaker to create and manage resources on your behalf. sagemaker_service_linked_role = aws.iam.ServiceLinkedRole("SageMakerServiceLinkedRole", # The AWS service name for Amazon SageMaker is 'sagemaker.amazonaws.com' aws_service_name="sagemaker.amazonaws.com", # Optionally, you can add a description for better identification description="Service-linked role for Amazon SageMaker") # The role is now set up and will be used by AWS SageMaker automatically. # Export the ARN of the Service-Linked Role so you can reference it elsewhere if necessary. pulumi.export('sagemaker_service_linked_role_arn', sagemaker_service_linked_role.arn)

    This program does the following:

    • It imports the necessary Pulumi and AWS SDK modules.
    • It creates a Service-Linked Role specifically for AWS SageMaker.
    • It sets the service name to SageMaker's service namespace, which is critical for establishing a link between the IAM role and SageMaker.
    • Finally, the program exports the ARN of the created Service-Linked Role.

    The action of creating this Service-Linked Role requires no manual policy definitions or trust relationships. AWS manages the permissions and trust policy of the role automatically, granting minimum necessary permissions that are required for SageMaker to operate.

    This Service-Linked Role will be used automatically by SageMaker whenever it needs to perform actions on your behalf. If you need additional permissions or customizations, they should be handled carefully, maintaining the security principle of least privilege.

    Ensure that you have the appropriate permissions set in your AWS account to create Service-Linked Roles. If you encounter any permissions issues, you might need to check your account's IAM policies or contact an AWS administrator within your organization.