1. Deploy the centos-twwiki helm chart on Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE)


    To deploy a Helm chart on Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE), you will need to follow these steps:

    1. Create a GKE cluster to host your applications.
    2. Configure kubectl to connect to your new cluster.
    3. Use Helm to deploy the chart to the cluster.

    Below is a detailed explanation and a Pulumi program written in TypeScript to accomplish these steps:


    • You must have Helm installed on your machine to work with Helm charts.
    • Make sure you're authenticated with Google Cloud and have the necessary permissions to create and manage GKE clusters and deploy applications to them.

    Step 1: Create a GKE Cluster

    Firstly, we use the gcp.container.Cluster resource to create a new cluster in Google Kubernetes Engine. This cluster will be the foundation where the Helm chart gets deployed.

    Step 2: Configure kubectl

    Once the cluster is up and running, we need to configure kubectl so that it points to this new cluster. This step is typically done outside of a Pulumi program using the gcloud command-line tool or Pulumi's Kubeconfig output.

    Step 3: Deploy the Helm Chart

    Finally, we use the kubernetes.helm.v3.Chart resource from Pulumi's Kubernetes provider to deploy the centos-twwiki Helm chart. This resource will take care of fetching the Helm chart from its repository and deploying it onto the cluster using the settings provided.

    Here's the full Pulumi program:

    import * as pulumi from '@pulumi/pulumi'; import * as gcp from '@pulumi/gcp'; import * as k8s from '@pulumi/kubernetes'; // Step 1: Provision a GKE cluster const cluster = new gcp.container.Cluster("gke-cluster", { initialNodeCount: 2, nodeVersion: "latest", minMasterVersion: "latest", // Define the machine type and other properties of the nodes in the cluster. nodeConfig: { machineType: "n1-standard-1", oauthScopes: [ "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/compute", "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/devstorage.read_only", "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/logging.write", "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/monitoring" ], }, }); // Export the Kubeconfig export const kubeconfig = pulumi. all([cluster.name, cluster.endpoint, cluster.masterAuth]). apply(([name, endpoint, masterAuth]) => { const context = `${gcp.config.project}_${gcp.config.zone}_${name}`; return `apiVersion: v1 clusters: - cluster: certificate-authority-data: ${masterAuth.clusterCaCertificate} server: https://${endpoint} name: ${context} contexts: - context: cluster: ${context} user: ${context} name: ${context} current-context: ${context} kind: Config preferences: {} users: - name: ${context} user: auth-provider: config: cmd-args: config config-helper --format=json cmd-path: gcloud expiry-key: '{.credential.token_expiry}' token-key: '{.credential.access_token}' name: gcp `; }); // Step 3: Deploy the Helm Chart const twWikiChart = new k8s.helm.v3.Chart("twwiki", { chart: "centos-twwiki", // You might also specify the version and repository of the chart here // e.g., version: "1.0.0", repositoryOpts: { repo: "http://example.com/charts" } }, { provider: new k8s.Provider("k8s-provider", { kubeconfig }) }); // Export the Helm chart deployment status export const twWikiStatus = twWikiChart.status;

    Explanation of the Program:

    • It begins by importing the necessary Pulumi libraries.
    • Then, it provisions a GKE cluster. You can adjust the initialNodeCount, nodeConfig, and other settings as needed for your use case.
    • The kubeconfig is exported so that you can easily interact with your new cluster using kubectl after the cluster is provisioned. This step is critical to control the cluster after creation.
    • Finally, we deploy the Helm chart centos-twwiki. The program assumes the chart is publicly available without specifying the chart version and repository; add those details if needed.

    After the deployment, you will need to configure your local kubectl to interact with the new cluster using the generated kubeconfig. Typically, you can do this by setting the KUBECONFIG environment variable or by merging this new context into your existing ~/.kube/config file.

    Once kubectl is configured, you can use it to check the status of the Helm deployment and to interact with your GKE cluster in general.